Stability and transition of three-dimensional boundary layers
2013 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
A focus has been put on the stability characteristics of different flow types existing on air vehicles. Flow passing over wings and different junctions on an aircraft face numerous local features, ranging from different pressure gradients, to interacting boundary layers. Primarily, stability characteristics of flow over a wing subject to negative pressure gradient is studied. The current numerical study conforms to an experimental study conducted by Saric and coworkers, in their Arizona State University wind tunnel experiments. Within that framework, a passive control mechanism has been tested to delay transition of flow from laminar to turbulence. The same control approach has been studied here, in addition to underling mechanisms playing major roles in flow transition, such as nonlinear effects and secondary instabilities.
Another common three-dimensional flow feature arises as a result of streamlines passing through a junction, the so called corner-flow. For instance, this flow can be formed in the junction between the wing and fuselage on a plane. A series of direct numerical simulations using linear Navier-Stokes equations have been performed to determine the optimal initial perturbation. Optimal refers to a perturbation which can gain the maximum energy from the flow over a period of time. Power iterations between direct and adjoint Navier- Stokes equations determine the optimal initial perturbation. In other words this method seeks to determine the worst case scenario in terms of perturbation growth. Determining the optimal initial condition can help improve the design of such surfaces in addition to possible control mechanisms.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013. , viii, 20 p.
Trita-MEK, ISSN 0348-467X ; 2013:14
Receptivity, stability, optimal growth, three-dimensional boundary layers, crossflow instability, roughness control, freestream turbulence, secondary instability
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-123175ISBN: 978-91-7501-808-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-123175DiVA: diva2:625111
2013-06-13, E3, Osquars Backe 14, KTH, Stockholm, 10:19 (English)
Theofilis, Vassilios, Professor
Hanifi, Ardeshir, Professor adjungerad
FunderEU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 76274
QC 201306042013-06-042013-06-042013-06-10Bibliographically approved
List of papers