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A sustainable technology?: How citizen movements in Germany frame CCS and how this relates to sustainability
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a technology that is developed with the aim of decreasing the emissions of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide (CO2) in order to mitigate global climate change. However, citizens strongly oppose the technology in areas where carbon storages are supposed to be constructed. With the help of framing theory, this work analyzes four German anti-CCS citizens’ initiatives. Qualitatively studying publicly available material from their websites, their diagnostic, prognostic, and motivational frames on the issue are reconstructed. Guided by a first research question about what frames on CCS are constructed by the citizens’ initiatives, the frames are then compared to each other, showing that political opportunity structures as well as local factors regarding particularly the prevalent type of energy production are taken up to some extent. Systematically retracing the arguments, this study aims on investigating into the connections between local and global issues and interests around CCS. This entails potential for generalization regarding the decision-making process in the area of conflict when society, environment, technology, economic and political actors are involved. Afterwards, a second research question is taken up – the frames’ relation to sustainability. They are discussed in the wider context of sustainable development because of the close connection between the climate change and the sustainability discourse. Moreover, proponents as well as opponents use parts of the sustainability concept for their arguments. This highlights the difficulties of a sustainable decision-making process in which a variety of interests are interwoven and partly contradicting each other. It is concluded that both, comprehensive information and transparent communication, between all actors are the first steps towards a more sustainable decision-making process but that structurally as well as technically more than this is required, especially regarding the acceptance of the outcome. Research on sustainability as an increasingly influential paradigm can pave the way in this regard.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 51 p.
Examensarbete vid Institutionen för geovetenskaper, ISSN 1650-6553 ; 127
Keyword [en]
Sustainable development, CCS, social movement organizations, frame analysis
Keyword [de]
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-200577OAI: diva2:624612
Subject / course
Sustainable development
Educational program
Master Programme in Sustainable Development
2013-05-22, Geocentrum, Villavägen 16, Uppsala, 10:30 (English)
Available from: 2013-06-03 Created: 2013-05-30 Last updated: 2013-06-03Bibliographically approved

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