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Innan du hjälper mig - lyssna på mig: Patienters upplevelser av att leva med allvarlig psykisk störning
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Before you help me - listen to me : Patients´ experience of living with serious mental disorder (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Patienter med en allvarlig psykisk störning isolerades tidigare från samhället. En historisk sammanfattning belyser detta och en beskrivning ges av den psykiatriska behandlingen från medeltiden fram till idag. Begreppen psykisk sjukdom, psykisk störning, allvarlig psykisk störning samt psykiskt funktionshinder beskrivs. Sjuksköterskans omvårdnadsarbete och omvårdnadsproblem inom psykiatrin återges i en resumé.

Syfte: Syftet är att belysa patienters upplevelser av att leva med allvarlig psykisk störning.

Metod: En litteraturöversikt där resultatdelen baseras på nio kvalitativa vetenskapliga artiklar och en kvantitativ vetenskaplig artikel, publicerade mellan 2002-2012.

Resultat: Resultatet mynnade i sex teman: ensamhet, vardagen, omgivningens attityder, självstigma och skam, vårdpersonals bemötande och patientrollen.

Diskussion: Resultatdelens olika teman diskuteras. Ett resonemang förs med anknytning till Kari Martinsens omsorgsfilosofi gällande ensamhetens konsekvenser, gemenskapens betydelse, samt hur attityder gällande psykisk störning påverkar självbilden. Interaktionen mellan nämnda områden belyses, slutligen debatteras personliga erfarenheter gällande faktorer som är betydelsefulla för ett ökat välbefinnande.

Abstract [en]

Background: Patients with serious mental disorder have through history been isolated from the rest of the society. An historical summary of psychiatric treatment from The Middle Ages until today are presented. Concepts such as mental illness, psychiatric disorder, serious mental illness and mental disabilities are described. A recap of the nursing in psychiatric care is given as well as problems attached to nursing in this field.

Aim: The aim is to illuminate patients´ experiences of living with serious mental disorder.

Methods: A literature review based on nine qualitative scientific articles and one quantitative scientific article published between the years 2002-2012.

Results: The result showed six themes: loneliness, every-day, surrounding attitudes, self stigma and shame, the response from health professionals and the role as a patient.

Discussions: Themes that emerged in the result are here discussed. The authors connect the themes to Kari Martinsen´s philosophy of caring and a reason is held about the consequences of loneliness, the importance of being part of a community and the impact that attitudes surrounding mental illness have on the self-image. The interaction between the areas is illustrated and finally we debate which factors who are of importance for increased well-being.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 36 p.
Keyword [en]
Experiences, Mental illness, Mental disorders, Mental health, Attitude
Keyword [sv]
Upplevelser, Psykisk sjukdom, Psykiska störningar, Mental hälsa, Attityder
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-2173OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-2173DiVA: diva2:624595
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-06-04 Created: 2013-06-02 Last updated: 2016-01-18Bibliographically approved

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