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Estetikens betydelse för den vuxna patientens välbefinnande: En systematisk litteraturstudie
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Patienten är hänvisad till att vistas i vårdrummet, där en stimulerande utformning av den fysiska miljön skulle kunna locka patienten till hälsosamma tankar som kan minska lidande och öka välbefinnande.Vårt intresse för ämnet ligger i att vi inte upplevt estetikens betydelse som framstående i vårdrummet. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva betydelsen av vårdrummets estetik för den vuxna patientens välbefinnande. Metod: Den systematiska litteraturstudien genomfördes med kvalitativ ansats och nio artiklar analyserades med innehållsanalys. Resultat: Estetik i vårdrummet har stor betydelse för patientens välbefinnande. Solljus minskar smärta, stress och oro, medan konsthantverk skapar en hemtrevlig och personlig atmosfär. Ljud och musik kan verka lugnade och minska ångest. Kliniska implikationer: Studiens resultat kan användas för att öka patientens välbefinnande genom att införa väggmålningar med naturmotiv, fototapeter med naturvyer, tavlor eller fotografier i vårdrummet. Patientens behov av att själv välja musik skulle kunna tillgodoses genom tillgång till onlineradio och online-musiktjänster. Slutsats: Estetiken i vårdrummet minskar lidande och ökar välbefinnandet för patienten. Patienten får genom estetiken i vårdrummet en möjlighet till distraktion från sitt lidande. För att få en mer individanpassad omvårdnad krävs vidare forskning kring estetiken i vårdrummet.

Abstract [en]

Background: As the patient is referred to be in the hospital room, a stimulating physical environment could entice the patient to healthy thoughts, reducing suffering and increasing wellbeing. Our intrest for this subject is grounded in our experience that the significance of esthetics doesn’t appear in the hospital room. Aim: The aim of this literature study was to describe the significance of the hospital room’s esthetic for the adult patient’s wellbeing. Method: Our study has a qualitative approach were nine articles were analyzed with a content analysis. Results: Esthetics in the hospital room is of great importance for the patient’s wellbeing. Sunlight can reduce pain, stress and anxiety, while work of art creates a more personal and homelike atmosphere. Sounds and music can have a calming effect and reduce anxiety. Clinical implications: In the care of patients can wall paintings with nature motives, photo wallpaper with nature views or pictures increase the patient’s wellbeing. The patient’s need of choosing his’ or her’s own music could be provided by access to online-radio and online music services. Conclusion: Esthetics in the hospital room reduces suffering and increases wellbeing for the patient and enables the patient to get distraction from his’ or her’s suffering. Continuous research about the esthetics in the hospital room can get a more individualized nursing care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
esthetics, hospital room, wellbeing, patient, suffering
Keyword [sv]
Estetik, vårdrum, välbefinnande, patient, lidande
National Category
Health Sciences Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-25895OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-25895DiVA: diva2:623615
Subject / course
Vårdvetenskap
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 hp
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-06-13 Created: 2013-05-28 Last updated: 2013-06-13Bibliographically approved

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Estetikens betydelse(407 kB)360 downloads
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Halvardsson, MalinBjörk, AnnaBurnic, Selmin
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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