beta-Thymosins and Hemocyte Homeostasis in a Crustacean
2013 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 4, e60974- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Thymosin proteins are well known for their actin-binding activity. Thymosin beta 4 (T beta 4) has been associated with biological activities in tissue repair and cell migration via interaction with ATP-synthase in vertebrates, while the information of similar thymosin functions in invertebrates is limited. We have shown previously that ATP-synthase is present on the surface of crayfish hematopoietic tissue (HPT) cells, and that astakine 1 (Ast1, an invertebrate cytokine) was found to interact with this beta-subunit of ATP synthase. Here, we identified five different beta-thymosins from Pacifastacus leniusculus, designated Pl-beta-thymosin1-5. The two dominant isoforms in brain, HPT and hemocytes, Pl-beta-thymosin1 and 2, were chosen for functional studies. Both isoforms could bind to the b-subunit of ATP-synthase, and Pl-beta-thymosin1, but not Pl-beta-thymosin2, significantly increased extracellular ATP formation. Moreover, Pl-beta-thymosin1 stimulated HPT cell migration in vitro and Ast1 blocked this effect. Pl-beta-thymosin2 increased the circulating hemocyte number at an early stage after injection. Additionally, in vivo injection of Pl-beta-thymosin1 resulted in significant reduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in crayfish HPT whereas Pl-beta-thymosin2 had a similar but transient effect. Both Pl-beta-thymosins induced the expression of Ast1 and superoxide dismutase (SOD) transcripts, while silencing of endogenous Pl-beta-thymosin 1 and 2 by RNAi resulted in significant reduction of the Ast1 and SOD transcripts. The diverse effects exhibited by Pl-beta-thymosin1 and Pl-beta-thymosin2 indicates that these proteins are involved in a complex interaction that regulates the hematopoietic stem cell proliferation and differentiation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 8, no 4, e60974- p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-200355DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0060974ISI: 000317717300166OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-200355DiVA: diva2:623577