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Kunskap och inställning till HPV och HPV-vaccination bland ungdomar som läser omvårdnadsprogrammet på gymnasiet.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund    HPV, humant papillomvirus, är den vanligast sexuellt överförbara sjukdomen i världen. HPV kan orsaka kondylom, vilket innebär könsvårtor, men det kan även ge gynekologiska cellförändringar som kan leda till livmoderhalscancer.

Syfte            Syftet var att undersöka vilken kunskap och inställning gymnasieelever, som inte ingår i vaccinationsåldern, hade till HPV och HPV-vaccination samt om det fanns några könsskillnader.

Metod   En kvantitativ enkätstudie genomfördes på en gymnasieskola i Uppsala, Sverige. Enkätdistribueringen skedde vid två tillfällen och 58 (98,3 %) ifyllda enkäter kunde inhämtas, varav 38 var flickor och 20 var pojkar.

Resultat    Flickorna på skolan hade en generellt högre andel rätt svar på enkäten, och totalt var det 21 (55,2 %) av flickorna som var vaccinerade medan endast 1 (5 %) av pojkarna. Av samtliga elever var det 22 (37,9 %) som kunde besvara frågan rätt angående hur många typer av HPV-virus det finns, dock kunde 51 (87,9 %) besvara frågan rätt om hur man skyddar sig mot HPV-viruset. Signifikant könsskillnad hittades i kunskapsfrågan gällande om HPV kan orsaka livmoderhalscancer (p<0,045) där flickorna hade flest rätt svar på frågan. Det var fler vaccinerade flickor jämfört med pojkar (p<0,001) och signifikant fler pojkar som kunde tänka sig att vaccineras (p<0,019). Majoriteten, 68 %, av eleverna var positiva till den befintliga HPV-vaccinationen.

Slutsats     Eleverna hade generellt sett en låg kunskapsnivå gällande HPV men trots det var det ändå mer än hälften av flickorna som var vaccinerade. Behov av ytterligare kunskap om HPV och HPV-vaccination till befolkningen behövs.

Abstract [en]

Background HPV, human papilloma virus, is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the world. HPV can cause genital warts and gynaecological dysplasia, which can lead to cervical cancer.

Objective The objective was to describe the amount of knowledge the students had regarding HPV and the HPV-vaccination. Another objective was to describe how many of the students who were vaccinated and to study the existing attitudes towards HPV and the HPV-vaccination. The last objective was to compare whether there was any gender differences.

Methods  A quantitative survey study was conduced at an upper secondary school in Uppsala, Sweden. The distribution of the surveys occurred on two occasions and 58 (98,3 %) completed surveys were collected.

Results The girls had a generally higher percentage of correct answers on the survey. About 55 % (n=21) of the girls were vaccinated but only 5 %(n=1) of the boys. Regarding how many types of HPV there are 22(37,9 %) of the students answered correctly, although 51 (87,9 %) knew how to protect themselves against a possible infection. Significant differences in gender were found in the question whether HPV can cause cervical cancer or not (p=0,045) and whether the students would be willing to take the vaccine or not (p=0,019). The majority of the students, 68 %, were in favour of the existing HPV vaccination.

Conclusion Although the students generally had poor knowledge regarding HPV the majority of the girls had taken the vaccine. The need of further knowledge is vast.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 26 p.
Keyword [en]
Human papilloma virus(HPV), vaccination, knowledge, attitudes, upper secondary school.
Keyword [sv]
Humant papillomvirus(HPV), vaccination, kunskap, inställning, gymnasiet.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-200427OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-200427DiVA: diva2:623530
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-06-03 Created: 2013-05-27 Last updated: 2013-06-03Bibliographically approved

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