A Tomographic Method for Verification of the Integrity of Spent Nuclear Fuel
1998 (English)Report (Other academic)
A tomographic method for experimental investigation of the integrity of usedLWR fuel has been developed. It is based on measurements of the gamma radiation fromthe fission products in the fuel rods. A reconstruction code of the algebraic type has beenwritten. The potential of the technique has been examined in extensive simulationsassuming a gamma-ray energy of either 0.66 MeV (137Cs) or 1.27 MeV (154Eu).The resultsof the simulations for BWR fuel indicate that single fuel rods or groups of rods replacedwith water or fresh fuel can be reliably detected independent of their position in the fuelassembly using 137Cs radiation. For PWR fuel the same result is obtained with the exceptionof the most central positions. Here the more penetrable radiation from 154Eu must be used inorder to allow a water channel to be distinguished from a fuel rod.
The results of the simulations have been verified experimentally for a 8x8 BWRfuel assembly. Special equipment has been constructed and installed at the interim storageCLAB. The equipment allows the mapping of the radiation field around a fuel assemblywith the aid of a germanium detector fitted with a collimator with a vertical slit. Theintensities measured in 2 520 detector positions were used as input for the reconstructioncode used in the simulations. The results agreed very well with the simulations and revealedsignificantly a position containing a water channel in the central part of the assembly.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 1998. , 54 p.
, ISV Internal Report, ISV-2/98
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-200297OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-200297DiVA: diva2:623116