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Rökavvänjning ur deltagarens perspektiv: en utvärdering
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Tobaksrökning är den största och vanligaste orsaken till sjukdom. Över en miljon svenskar röker. Behandling med rökavvänjning har visat sig vara den mest effektiva metoden för att uppnå ett rökfritt liv. Syfte: Att undersöka hur personer som deltar i rökavvänjningskurser inom primärvården uppfattar dessa kurser. Ett ytterligare syfte var att undersöka om det finns skillnader i uppnådd rökfrihet mellan personer som får rådgivning individuellt respektive i grupp. Metod: Studien är en deskriptiv enkätstudie med 27 deltagaresom deltar/ deltagit i rökavvänjning i syfte att sluta röka. Resultat: Den främsta anledningen till att deltagarna slutade röka var för att de ville, det var deras beslut. Stöd i grupp och i allmänhet var bra med kursen och det var viktigt att vara starkt motiverad för att lyckas sluta. Det fanns ett stort intresse för att utföra lungfunktionstest. Få personer träffade, och ville träffa, andra yrkeskategorier än sjuksköterska/distriktssköterska. Bästa tiden för rådgivningvar på eftermiddagen. Det fanns ingen skillnad i rökfrihet mellan dem som deltagit i grupp respektive individuell rådgivning då alla deltagarna har blivit rökfria under kursen. Slutsats: Gruppstöd, god information, den egna viljan samt stark motivation och hjälp till motivation ansågs vara en förutsättning för lyckad rådgivning. Det kunde ej utrönas huruvida individuell rådgivning eller rådgivning i grupp påverkade rökfrihet. Då rådgivningen i hela Uppsala län baseras på samma underlag och inga tidigare utvärderingar finns bör ytterligare studier göras som utvärderar insatsen.

Abstract [en]

Abstract: Smoking tobacco is the greatest and most common cause of disease. More than a million Swedes smoke. Treatment with smoking cessation courses has proved to be the most efficient method to attain a life without smoking. Aim/purpose: To study how people who participate in smoking cessation courses provided by primary care perceived the courses. A secondary aim was to investigate whether there were any differences in attaining a nonsmoking life between participants in smoking cessation courses given individually or in groups. Method: The study is a descriptive survey study with 27 participants whose goal in participating in smoking cessation courses was to quit smoking. Results: The main reason for participants to quit smoking was that they wanted this themselves, it was their decision. Support from the group and in general was a positive aspect of smoking cessation courses and a strong motivation was considered important in order to succeed. An ample interest in performing pulmonary function tests was noted. Few participants met, or had interest in meeting, professionals other than nurse/district nurse. The ideal time to attend smoking cessation courses was during the afternoons. No difference was noted in success to quit smoking between courses given individually or in group, as all participants had quit smoking. Conclusion: Group support, good information, own will/motivation and help to be motivated were considered to be the makings of a successful course. It was not possible to conclude whether smoking cessation courses held individually or in group affected success in quitting to smoke. As all smoking cessation courses in Uppsala County are based on the same material and no prior evaluation has been made, further research in this field is recommended.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 35 p.
Keyword [en]
Smoking cessation, counselling, evaluation, patient satisfaction, health care
Keyword [sv]
Rökavvänjning, rådgivning, utvärdering, patienttillfredsställelse, hälso- och sjukvård
National Category
Nursing Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-200282OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-200282DiVA: diva2:623040
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-05-28 Created: 2013-05-24 Last updated: 2013-05-28Bibliographically approved

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