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Coachen blir syndabocken: En undersökning om upplevd stress hos handbollsinstruktörer i skolan
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Blame the coach : A study about the experienced stress among handball instructors in school (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte

Syftet med studien var att undersöka om handbollsinstruktörer som undervisar i specialidrott i svenska skolor med nationellt godkända idrottsutbildningar (NIU) upplever stress inom sitt yrke, med utgångspunkt från Krav-Kontroll-Stöd-teorin.

Frågeställningar 

  • Vilka krav upplever instruktörerna att det finns i sin yrkesroll?
  • Vilken kontroll upplever instruktörerna att de har i sin yrkesroll?
  • Vilket stöd upplever instruktörerna att det finns i sin yrkesroll?

Metod

Syftet med studien var att erhålla beskrivande data om och hur instruktörer upplever olika stressmoment inom elitidrott i skolan. Därför valde vi att genomföra en kvalitativ studie som utgick från Krav-Kontroll-Stöd-teorin. Intervjuer genomfördes via telefon för att kunna nå instruktörer över hela landet. Urvalsgruppen bestod av åtta manliga handbollsinstruktörer runt om i Sverige. De var 40 år eller äldre och jobbade alla inom NIU på gymnasiet.

Resultat

Instruktörerna kände krav från både Svenska handbollsförbundet (SHF) och från spelarna själva att skapa en hög kvalitativ undervisning. De hade stor möjlighet att påverka sin egen arbetssituation och ett bra stöd. Det visade att instruktörerna upplevde ett relativt högt krav i kombination med en hög kontroll och ett högt stöd. Enligt Krav-Kontroll-Stöd-teorin hamnar då detta yrke under deltagande ledare i kombination med aktiv.

Slutsats

Slutsatsen som kan dras av denna studie är att handbollsinstruktörer inom NIU enligt Krav-Kontroll-Stöd-teorin hamnade under deltagande ledare i kombination med aktiv. Enligt Krav-Kontroll-Stöd-teorin leder detta till att individerna, trots det höga kravet som ställdes, fick möjligheter att testa sig fram till egna lösningar. Det ledde i sin tur till en minskad stress. Det sociala stödet som instruktörerna upplevde skapar ytterligare möjligheter till stresshantering och bidrar även till att instruktörerna kunde hantera förändringar som kan uppstå via kontroll och krav.

Abstract [en]

Aim

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether handball instructors who teach special sports in Swedish national approved education in special sport schools experienced stress in their profession, based on the Demand-Control-Support-theory.

Questions

  • Which demands does instructors experience in their profession?
  • What control does instructors experience that they have in their profession?
  • Which support do instructors experience in their profession?

Method

The purpose of this study was to obtain descriptive data concerning how coaches in elite sport in the school perceive different stressors in elite sport in the school. Therefore, we chose to conduct a qualitative interview study that was based on the Demand-Control-Support-theory. Interviews were conducted by telephone in order to implement include instructors across the country. The selection group consisted of eight male handball instructors in Sweden. They are 40 years or older and are all working within the NIU (nationally certified athlete program) in high school.

Results

The instructors felt demands from both Swedish handball association (SHF) and from the players themselves to create a high quality education. They had a great opportunity to influence their own work situation and they had a good support. The results showed that the instructors experienced relatively high demands in combination with high support and a high control. According to the Demand-Control-Support-theory, this occupation falls under the category participating leaders, combined with active.

Conclusion

The conclusion to bethat was drawn from this study was that handball instructors within NIU according to the Demand-Control-Support-theory belonged to the category participating leaders, combined with active. According to the demand-control-support-theory, this suggested that individuals, despite the high demand placed upon them, are given the opportunity to test their own solutions. This leads to reduced stress. The social support the instructors experienced created further opportunities for stress management and also helped instructors to deal with changes that may occur in the aspect of demand and control.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 39 p.
Series
Examensarbete, 2012:89
Keyword [sv]
elitcoach, coach, stress, handboll, NIU, specialidrott
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-2794OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-2794DiVA: diva2:622373
Educational program
Physical Education Teaching
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-05-21 Created: 2013-05-21 Last updated: 2013-05-21Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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