Improving machining performance against regenerative tool chatter through adaptive normal pressure at the tool clamping interface
2013 (English)In: Journal of Machine Engineering, ISSN 1895-7595, Vol. 13, no 1, 93-105 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Chatter in machining process is one of the common failures of a production line. For a cantilever tool, such as a boring bar, the rule of thumb requires the overhang length of the tool to be less than 4 times the diameter. The reason is because longer overhang will induce severe tool vibration in the form of chatter during machining. When a longer overhang than 4 times diameter is necessary for performing special machining operations, damping methods are needed to suppress tool chatter. One of the methods is the constrained layer damping method. Materials, such viscoelastic material, are applied in the vibration node regions of the structure to absorb the concentrated vibration strain energy and transform the mechanical energy to heat. With a cantilever tool clamped in a tool holder, the clamping interface is usually the vibration node region. The friction in the joint interface with low normal pressure became another source of damping and can be used for tool chatter suppression in mechanical structures. Joint interfaces are well known to possess normal pressure dependent stiffness and damping. The normal pressure’s effect on the structures frequency response function had been observed by H. Åkesson  et al, and L.Mi  et al. However, the direct effect of the joint interface normal pressure on machining process stability hasn’t been investigated. In this paper, a cantilever tool with 6.5 overhang length to diameter ratio is investigated. The direct effect of the tool clamping interface’s normal pressure on the machining process stability is studied. Three different levels of clamping normal pressure are tested with an internal turning process. The machining results indicate another adaptable solution on shop floor for suppressing tool chatter.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Poland, 2013. Vol. 13, no 1, 93-105 p.
chatter, tool, internal turning, vibration, clamping, damping, interface
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject Järnvägsgruppen - Ljud och vibrationer; SRA - Production
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-122424OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-122424DiVA: diva2:622300
FunderXPRES - Initiative for excellence in production researchEU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, FoF.NMP.2010-1
QC 201305212013-05-212013-05-212015-11-11Bibliographically approved