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Technologies and Architectures of the Internet-of-Things (IoT) for Health and Well-being
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic) [Artistic work]
Abstract [en]

The emerging technology breakthrough of the Internet-of-Things (IoT) is expected to offer promising solutions for food supply chain (FSC) and in-home healthcare (IHH), which may significantly contribute to human health and well-being. In this thesis, we have investigated the technologies and architectures of the IoT for these two applications as so-called Food-IoT and Health-IoT respectively. We intend to resolve a series of research problems about the WSN architectures, device architectures and system integration architectures. To reduce the time-to-market and risk of failure, business aspects are taken into account more than before in the early stage of technology development because the technologies and applications of IoT are both immature today.

The challenges about enabling devices that we have addressed include: the WSN mobility and wide area deployment, efficient data compression in resource-limited wireless sensor devices, reliable communication protocol stack architecture, and integration of acting capacity to the low cost intelligent and interactive packaging (I2Pack). Correspondingly, the WAN-SAN coherent architecture of WSN, the RTOS-based and multiprocessor friendly stack architecture, the content-extraction based data compression algorithm, and the CDM-based I2Pack solution are proposed and demonstrated.

At the system level, we have addressed the challenges about effective integration of scattered devices and technologies, including EIS and information integration architectures such as shelf-life prediction and real-time supply chain re-planning for the Food-IoT, and device and service integration architectures for the Health-IoT. Additionally, we have also addressed some challenges at the top business level, including the Value Chain Models and Value Proposition of the Food-IoT, and the cooperative ecosystem model of the Health-IoT. These findings are generic and not dependent on our proprietary technologies and devices.

To be more generalized, we have demonstrated an effective research approach, the so-called Business-Technology Co-Design (BTCD),  to resolve an essential challenge in nowadays research on the IoT -- the lack of alignment of basic technology and practical business requirements. We have shown its effectiveness by our design practice. It could be an instructive example of “the change of mindset” which is essential for the IoT research in the future.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kista Sweden: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013. , xiv, 75 p.
Keyword [en]
Internet-of-Things, Wireless Sensor Network, Enterprise Information System, Food Supply Chain, In-Home Healthcare
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
SRA - ICT
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-122213ISBN: 978-91-7501-736-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-122213DiVA: diva2:621384
Public defence
2013-06-10, Sal-D, KTH Forum, Kista, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20130523

Available from: 2013-05-23 Created: 2013-05-14 Last updated: 2013-05-23Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Mobile and Wide Area Deployable Sensor System for Networked Services
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mobile and Wide Area Deployable Sensor System for Networked Services
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2009 (English)In: 2009 IEEE SENSORS: VOLS 1-3, NEW YORK: IEEE , 2009, 1329-1332 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A mobile and wide area deployable wireless sensor system, including hardware and software, is developed to enhance the mobility, deployment and capability of wireless sensors for networked services. Due to the dual-layer dual-directional wireless communication capability of a novel WAN-SAN coherent architecture and the removal of fix-installed gateway, all sensor nodes are remotely controllable and seamlessly integrated to internet services. Hardware modules are optimized for ultra low power and compact size. Abstract and extendable application interface is developed, based on SMS and TCP/UDP protocol, to be integrated easily into existing service systems. Hierarchical CPS-LPS Adaptive Localization, is supported based on CPS, wireless cellular ID, RFID, IR-UWB and inertial prediction. Specific data compression technique is adopted for high density data source. Finally, Fresh Food Tracking service is presented as an application example, including some field test data.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
NEW YORK: IEEE, 2009
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-29658 (URN)10.1109/ICSENS.2009.5398428 (DOI)000279891700307 ()2-s2.0-77951116910 (Scopus ID)978-1-4244-4548-6 (ISBN)
Conference
8th IEEE Conference on Sensors
Note
QC 20110330Available from: 2011-03-30 Created: 2011-02-11 Last updated: 2013-05-23Bibliographically approved
2. Interactive Packaging Solutions Based on RFIDTechnology and Controlled Delamination Material
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interactive Packaging Solutions Based on RFIDTechnology and Controlled Delamination Material
2010 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Interactive packaging is an emerging research area in recent years. It brings people convenient and smart lives, reduces consumption of traditional packaging materials and direct or indirect labor costs as well. Being integrated in interactive packaging, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology becomes one of the most proactive development enablers. In this paper, an interactive and intelligent packaging solution integrating passive RFID system and Controlled Delamination Material (CDM) is given at first. Package opening action is electrically controlled by the RFID system. CDM is primarily used in aerospace applications in the past and the conductor/adhesive joint can be easily opened by applying a little electric power on to the material. Some related works will be shown about the electrochemical characteristics of CDM in order to facilitate the system design. A demonstration system was developed and the test results have proved feasibility of the solution and shown the potential of low cost for mass production. Based on this solution, an interactive medication package for pervasive healthcare is further developed, using EPCglobal Gen2 RFID technology. It will make the medication being accessible for patient only at the prescribed dose and time, and medication taking information will be delivered as well. Such medication package will not only give unprecedented high patient compliance, but also improve the communication between patients and healthcare staffs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE Press, 2010
Keyword
Interactive Packaging, Medicine Packages, Patient Compliance, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), Gen2 RFID Tag, Controlled Delamination Material (CDM)
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-50193 (URN)10.1109/RFID.2010.5467270 (DOI)2-s2.0-77953893976 (Scopus ID)
Conference
2010 IEEE International Conference on RFID, Orlando, 2010
Note
QC 20111202Available from: 2011-12-02 Created: 2011-12-02 Last updated: 2013-05-23Bibliographically approved
3. Global Fresh Food Tracking Service Enabled by Wide Area Wireless Sensor Network
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Global Fresh Food Tracking Service Enabled by Wide Area Wireless Sensor Network
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2010 (English)In: 2010 IEEE Sensors Applications Symposium, SAS 2010, IEEE Sensors Council, 2010, 6-9 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A global fresh food tracking service is presented, in which a set of primary environmental conditions for transport of fresh fruits and vegetables, including global position, temperature, relative humidity, concentrations of CO2, O2 and ethylene gases and 3-axis acceleration, is collected through mobile and remotely controllable wireless sensor nodes. Real time monitoring, tracking, alarming, close-loop controlling and information sharing could therefore be provided as WEB services with service oriented architecture. Fully functioned hardware modules, protocols and system software have been developed. A 50-day field test has been successfully carried out, proving the system concept and the robustness of hardware and software designed. Due to its worldwide deploy-ability and added-values to fresh food supply chain, it is feasible to establish a practical fresh food tracking service business.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE Sensors Council, 2010
Keyword
Wireless Sensor Network; Fresh Food Tracking; Global Tracking Service; Food Safety
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
SRA - ICT
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-62182 (URN)10.1109/SAS.2010.5439425 (DOI)2-s2.0-77952389310 (Scopus ID)
Conference
2010 IEEE Sensors Applications Symposium, SAS 2010. Limerick. 23 February 2010 - 25 February 2010
Note
QC 20120124Available from: 2012-01-18 Created: 2012-01-18 Last updated: 2013-05-23Bibliographically approved
4. Ecosystem analysis in the design of open platform-based in-home healthcare terminals towards the internet-of-things
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ecosystem analysis in the design of open platform-based in-home healthcare terminals towards the internet-of-things
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2013 (English)In: International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology, ICACT, ISSN 1738-9445, 529-534 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In-home healthcare services based on the Internet-of-Things (IoT) have big potential in business. To exploit this opportunity, an ecosystem should be established first. Technical solutions should aim for a cooperative ecosystem by addressing the interoperability, security, and system integration. In this paper, we propose an ecosystem-driven design strategy and apply it in the design of an open-platform based solution. In particular, a cooperative ecosystem is formulated by merging the traditional healthcare and mobile internet ecosystems. Utilizing the existing standardization efforts, the interfaces between actors can be simplified. To balance the control and avoid monopoly, ecosystem-driven security schemes are proposed including the public-based authentication, repository-based credential management, SE-based cryptography, and non-invasive message handover. In order to achieve the economy of scale, an open platform-based in-home healthcare station is proposed. The proposed methodology and solution are demonstrated in implemented prototype system and field trials.

Keyword
Android, Credential management, Ecosystem analysis, Healthcare services, Internet-of-Things, Open platforms, Security, Technical solutions, Communication, Design, Health care, Internet; Interoperability, Web services, Ecosystems
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-122549 (URN)2-s2.0-84876220797 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20130523

Available from: 2013-05-23 Created: 2013-05-23 Last updated: 2013-05-23Bibliographically approved
5. Content-extraction-based compression of acceleration data for mobile wireless sensors
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Content-extraction-based compression of acceleration data for mobile wireless sensors
2012 (English)In: Sensors, 2012 IEEE, IEEE , 2012, 1244-1247 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A content-extraction based acceleration data compression algorithm is proposed for real-time transport quality monitoring in critical logistics applications. It splits the original data into three components, Tilt, Shock and Vibration, and compresses them separately by making use of the specific characteristics. Outstanding performances as well as low complexity and good scalability are achieved, which are essential for resource-constrained mobile wireless sensors. The algorithm has been proven by 46-day field test data. The compression ratio is up to 3.75 in loss-less mode, and up to 142 in lossy mode with 28.9dB SNR.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2012
Series
IEEE Sensors, ISSN 1930-0395
Keyword
Data Compression, Acceleration, Wireless Sensor, Content Extraction, Vehicle Monitoring
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-100592 (URN)10.1109/ICSENS.2012.6411024 (DOI)000315671100304 ()2-s2.0-84873940558 (Scopus ID)978-145771765-9 (ISBN)
Conference
11th IEEE SENSORS 2012 Conference; Taipei ; 28 October 2012 through 31 October 2012
Note

QC 20130115

Available from: 2012-08-12 Created: 2012-08-12 Last updated: 2013-05-23Bibliographically approved
6. An RTOS-based Architecture for Industrial Wireless Sensor Network Stacks with Multi-Processor Support
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An RTOS-based Architecture for Industrial Wireless Sensor Network Stacks with Multi-Processor Support
2013 (English)In: Proceedings ICIT 2013 - 2013 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology (ICIT), 2013, 1216-1221 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The design of industrial wireless sensor network (IWSN) stacks requires the adoption of real time operation system (RTOS). Challenges exist especially in timing integrity and multi-processor support. As a solution, we propose an RTOS-based architecture for IWSN stacks with multi-processor support. It offers benefits in terms of platform independency, product life cycle, safety and security, system integration complexity, and performance scalability. An implemented WirelessHART stack has proven the feasibility of the proposed architecture in practical product design. And future challenges as well as suggestions to standard improvement are discussed.

Keyword
Industrial wireless sensor networks, Performance scalability, Product life cycles, Proposed architectures, Real time operation system, Safety and securities, System integration, Timing integrities, Architecture, Product design, Wireless sensor networks, Multiprocessing systems
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-122496 (URN)10.1109/ICIT.2013.6505847 (DOI)000322785200190 ()2-s2.0-84877616900 (Scopus ID)978-1-4673-4567-5 (ISBN)
Conference
IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology (ICIT2013), Feb 2013, Cape Town, South Africa.
Note

QC 20131202

Available from: 2013-05-23 Created: 2013-05-23 Last updated: 2013-12-02Bibliographically approved
7. Value-Centric Design of the Internet-of-Things Solution for Food Supply Chain: Value Creation, Sensor Portfolio and Information Fusion
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Value-Centric Design of the Internet-of-Things Solution for Food Supply Chain: Value Creation, Sensor Portfolio and Information Fusion
2013 (English)In: Information Systems Frontiers, ISSN 1387-3326, E-ISSN 1572-9419, Vol. 17, no 2, 289-319 p.Article in journal (Refereed) [Artistic work] Published
Abstract [en]

The revolution of Internet-of-Things (IoT) is reshaping the modern food supply chains with promising business prospects. To be successful in practice, the IoT solutions should create “income-centric” values beyond the conventional “traceability-centric” values. To accomplish what we promised to users, sensor portfolios and information fusion must correspond to the new requirements introduced by this income-centric value creation. In this paper, we propose a value-centric business-technology joint design framework. Based on it the income-centric added-values including shelf life prediction, sales premium, precision agriculture, and reduction of assurance cost are identified and assessed. Then corresponding sensor portfolios are developed and implemented. Three-tier information fusion architecture is proposed as well as examples about acceleration data processing, self-learning shelf life prediction and real-time supply chain re-planning. The feasibilities of the proposed design framework and solution have been confirmed by the field trials and an implemented prototype system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer US, 2013
Keyword
Internet-of-Things (IoT), Food Supply Chain, Value-Centric Design, Sensor Portfolio, Information Fusion, Industrial Information Integration Engineering (IIIE)
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
SRA - ICT
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-100591 (URN)10.1007/s10796-012-9374-9 (DOI)000351520100005 ()2-s2.0-84925468154 (Scopus ID)
Note

Updated from accepted to published.

QC 20140623

Available from: 2012-08-12 Created: 2012-08-12 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
8. Design of a terminal solution for integration of in-home health care devices and services towards the Internet-of-Things
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design of a terminal solution for integration of in-home health care devices and services towards the Internet-of-Things
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2015 (English)In: Enterprise Information Systems, ISSN 1751-7575, E-ISSN 1751-7583, Vol. 9, no 1, 86-116 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In-home health care services based on the Internet-of-Things are promising to resolve the challenges caused by the ageing of population. But the existing research is rather scattered and shows lack of interoperability. In this article, a business-technology co-design methodology is proposed for cross-boundary integration of in-home health care devices and services. In this framework, three key elements of a solution (business model, device and service integration architecture and information system integration architecture) are organically integrated and aligned. In particular, a cooperative Health-IoT ecosystem is formulated, and information systems of all stakeholders are integrated in a cooperative health cloud as well as extended to patients' home through the in-home health care station (IHHS). Design principles of the IHHS includes the reuse of 3C platform, certification of the Health Extension, interoperability and extendibility, convenient and trusted software distribution, standardised and secured electrical health care record handling, effective service composition and efficient data fusion. These principles are applied to the design of an IHHS solution called iMedBox. Detailed device and service integration architecture and hardware and software architecture are presented and verified by an implemented prototype. The quantitative performance analysis and field trials have confirmed the feasibility of the proposed design methodology and solution.

Keyword
Internet-of-Things, in-home health care station, business-technology co-design, industrial information integration engineering, device and service integration
National Category
Other Computer and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-122493 (URN)10.1080/17517575.2013.776118 (DOI)000345072700004 ()2-s2.0-84911215405 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20141212

Available from: 2013-05-23 Created: 2013-05-23 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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