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Motiverande Samtal: - En metod till tobaksrökstopp?
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Motivational Interviewing : - A method for smoking cessation? (English)
Abstract [sv]

Flertal tidigare studier har visat på både positiva och negativa resultat av motiverande samtal (MI) för att få patienter att sluta röka. MI används idag av sjuksköterskor i slutenvården såväl som i primärvården för att skapa beteendeförändringar som exempelvis till tobaksrökstopp. Syftet med studien var att undersöka varför det är oklart om motiverande samtal är en metod som kan leda till tobaksrökstopp. Studien gjordes som en litteraturöversikt och sökningarna gjordes i Cinahl, Oxford Journals, PsycINFO, PubMed och SveMed+. Sökningarna resulterade i 15 utvalda artiklar. Flertal av resultatartiklarna visade signifikanta resultat att MI vid tobaksrökstopp har effekt men det fanns också studier där ingen effekt kunde påvisas. Resultatartiklarnas resultat visade på att MI kan vara till hjälp för att få patienter att minska tobaksrökningen. Några resultatartiklar visade på att studiedeltagare med lägre motivation lyckades sämre med ett tobaksrökstopp än studiedeltagare med hög motivation. Slutsatsen är att mer forskning behövs om sambandet mellan MI och motivation för att uppnå tobaksrökstopp, aktsamhet ska tas då MI vid tobaksrökstopp ska appliceras i vården.

Abstract [en]

Several earlier studies on MI as a method to smoking cessation shows positive and negative results to help smokers quit. MI is used by nurse’s today inpatients and in primary care to create behavior changes for instance smoking cessation. The aim of this study was to examine why it´s obscure if motivational interviewing (MI) is a method that can result to smoking cessation. The study was made as a literature review. Searches were made in Cinahl, Oxford Journals, PsycINFO, PubMed and SveMed+ and resulted in 15 selected articles. Several studies showed significant results that MI as a method for smoking cessation had effect but there were studies where MI showed negative effect. In the studies there are significant results that MI can help patients reduce smoking. The results of a few articles showed that participants with lower motivation didn´t succeed in smoking cessation. The conclusion is that more research on MI must be conducted on the connection between MI and motivation in smoking cessation. Caution must be taken if MI should be applied in care as a method for smoking cessation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 47 p.
Keyword [en]
Motivational Interviewing, effect, smoking cessation
Keyword [sv]
Motiverande Samtal, effekt, tobaksrökstopp
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-22131OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-22131DiVA: diva2:621272
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-05-22 Created: 2013-05-14 Last updated: 2013-05-22Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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