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Staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) and arginine catabolic mobile element (ACME) in Staphylococcus epidermidis isolated from prosthetic joint infections
Örebro University Hospital. Department of Laboratory Medicine, Clinical Microbiology.
Department of Clinical Microbiology and Chemistry, Aleris MEDILAB, Täby, Sweden.
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
Örebro University Hospital. Department of Laboratory Medicine, Clinical Microbiology, Örebro University Hospital, Region Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden.
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2013 (English)In: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, ISSN 0934-9723, E-ISSN 1435-4373, Vol. 32, no 5, p. 691-697Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of the present study was to characterise the staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) in Staphylococcus epidermidis isolated from prosthetic joint infections (PJIs) and, if possible, assign them to any of the presently known SCCmec types. In addition, the isolates were examined for the presence of the arginine catabolic mobile element (ACME). Sixty-one S. epidermidis isolates obtained from PJIs and 24 commensal S. epidermidis isolates were analysed. The mecA gene was detected in 49 of the 61 (80 %) PJI isolates and in four of the 24 (17 %) commensal isolates, and the composition of the SCCmec was further analysed. SCCmec types I and IV were the most common types among the PJI isolates. However, for over half (57 %) of the isolates, it was not possible to assign an SCCmec type. ACME was detected in eight (13 %) of the PJI isolates and in 14 (58 %) of the commensal isolates. The characterisation of the SCCmec elements revealed a large heterogeneity, with a high frequency of isolates carrying more than one type of the ccr gene complex. ACME was more common among the commensal isolates and may represent a survival benefit for S. epidermidis colonising healthy individuals in the community.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, USA: Springer, 2013. Vol. 32, no 5, p. 691-697
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Microbiology
Research subject
Medicine
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URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-29002DOI: 10.1007/s10096-012-1796-2ISI: 000317427100012PubMedID: 23291719OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-29002DiVA, id: diva2:621235
Available from: 2013-05-14 Created: 2013-05-13 Last updated: 2018-05-17Bibliographically approved

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Hellmark, BengtUnemo, MagnusSöderquist, Bo
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Örebro University HospitalSchool of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden
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