Om rekrytering i akademin - exemplen prefekter och forskarstuderande
2013 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Sandstedt, Thomas (2013) – On Recruitment in Academia in the Cases of Department Heads and Research Students
This thesis study how academic and scientific culture act and handle the balance between different interests, demands and preferences and what is considered central and valuable in the leading and managing within universities in Sweden. These are set against each other whenever department heads and research students are to be recruited. Questions are asked whether procedures come into play when recruiting heads of department, and whether the final choice is determined by regulations and/or academic norms.
There has only been marginal research in the field. The recruitment of department heads has not been statutory since 1993, while admission to research studies is regulated in detail. The study was implemented before the autonomy reform of 2011. Central and local regulatory systems between 1993 and 2011 form the juridical framework of the study.
My frame of reference is a New Institutional Theory approach together with studies of the environment, history and traditions of academia.
The basis of the studied context is the scholarly community of academics. Demands from government and parliament as expressed in regulatory systems, general guidelines, funding, policies and letters of regulation have also been taken into account within the reference frame. The empirical material consists of interviews with professors including associate professors conducted in seven universities and eight departments between 2007 and 2009.
The results show that there are certain rules of the game that are applied when department heads and research students are being recruited, which give an indication of what is considered valuable for internal management within Swedish universities. The recruitment processes are informal, collegial and institutionalized. When department heads are recruited all colleagues have the possibility to participate, whereas when research students are recruited the group involved is more limited. In the latter case it is financing as well as the role of the supervisor that seem to play the crucial role in finding the most suitable doctoral student. Internal criteria are reformulated into rules of the game by colleagues and the process is situation-bound. These rules are based on collegial and scholarly interests, demands, norms, traditions and values.
Informal criteria offer the opportunity for flexibility and situational adaptation when departments choose their head. These criteria contribute to limiting the number of candidates, which may make it difficult to find the right person. The students admitted to research education are expected to be able to profit by such education and to possess a scientific attitude. These requirements may vary from one admission to another, and the impression is that the circle of potential research students is limited.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2013. , 226 p.
Linnaeus University Dissertations, 137/2013
academic leadership, academic freedom, collegiality, criteria, department head, fitting in, forms, norms and values (New Institutional Theory), legitimacy, process, recruitment, regulatory system, research student, rules of the game and silent knowledge.
Research subject Pedagogics and Educational Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-25622ISBN: 978-91-87427-31-2OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-25622DiVA: diva2:621071
2013-06-13, Myrdal, Hus K, Växjö, 13:00 (Swedish)
Fransson, Anders, Professor
Lindberg, Leif, ProfessorBenner, Mats, Professor