Can the testing effect, in part, be explained by organizational benefits?
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
The testing effect refers to the phenomenon that, relative to restudying, being tested on a previously learned material leads to better retention. The present study investigated the hypothesis that part of the testing effect in free recall, can be explained by increased memory organization due to testing. Forty-one participants learned either semantically related or unrelated words. The words were either repeatedly studied six times, or recalled from memory three times and studied three times, with each test trial following a study trial. Following the learning session, all participants conducted two free recall tests, one after five minutes and one after seven days. The study did not replicate the testing effect and therefore no conclusions could be drawn about the hypothesis. The results did, however, indicate that the related material facilitated later retrieval, relative to the unrelated material. Furthermore, opposite to what was predicted, restudying lead to higher rates of category clustering compared to testing.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 13 p.
memory, the testing effect, chunking, mental organization
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-89815OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-89815DiVA: diva2:620725
2013-03-08, Psykologiska Iinstitutionen, Stockholms Universitet, Stockholm, 13:05 (English)
UppsokSocial and Behavioural Science, Law
Jönsson, Fredrik, Ph.D