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Time on My Mind and My Moral Judgment: Effects of Time Perspective and Temporal Distance on Moral Judgment
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
2011 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Tid i mina tankar och mitt moraliska omdöme : hur tidsperspektiv och tidmässigt avstånd påverkar moraliska bedömning (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

The present study examined the effect of Time Perspective (TP), i.e. cognitive arrangement of the human experiences into temporal dimensions, and Temporal Distance (TD), i.e. the perceived proximity of an event in time, on moral judgment. The study included 132 participants that completed the Swedish version of Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (S-ZTPI) and made moral judgments of transgression of ethical rules depicted in the near vs. distant future. A main effect of TP was revealed meaning that transgression of ethical rules, as predicted, was judged more immoral by Past-Positive and Future orientation compared to Present-Hedonistic and Past-Negative orientation. No main effect of TD was revealed. The interaction of TP x TD was significant and in the predicted direction, but only Present-Hedonistic orientation was significantly affected by TD: distant compared to near future scenarios were judged less immoral by this TP. Importance, limitations and elaborations of the present study were discussed.

Abstract [sv]

 

I föreliggande studie undersöktes hur Tidsperspektiv (TP), d.v.s. kognitivt inordnande av mänskliga erfarenher i tidsmässiga dimensioner, och Tidmässigt Avstånd (TA), d.v.s. upplevd närhet av händelser i tid, påverkar moralisk bedömning. Studien omfattade 132 deltagare, vilka fyllde i den svenska versionen av Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (S-ZTPI) och gjorde moraliska bedömningar av överträdelser av etiska regler framställda i en nära vs. avlägsen framtid. En huvudeffekt av TP framkom, vilken innebar att överträdelse av etiska regler bedömdes som mer omoraliskt utifrån Positiv-Dåtidsorientering och Framtidsorientering jämfört med Hedonistisk-Nutidsorientering och Negativ-Dåtidsorientering. Ingen huvudeffekt av TA framkom. Interaktionen mellan TP och TA var signifikant och i linje med prediktionerna även om endast Hedonistisk-Nutidsorientering påverkades signifikant av TA: tidsmässigt avlägsna vs. närliggande scenarion bedömdes som mindre omoraliska utifrån detta TP. Vikten av studien samt begränsningar och tänkbara uppföljningar av studien diskuteras också.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 33 p.
Keyword [en]
Time perspective, ZTPI, Temporal distance, Moral judgment, Ethical rules
Keyword [sv]
Tidsperspektiv, ZTPI, Tidsmässigt avstånd, Moralisk bedömning, Etiska regler
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-14249Archive number: V11-012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-14249DiVA: diva2:620550
Subject / course
Psychology
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-05-13 Created: 2013-05-08 Last updated: 2013-05-13Bibliographically approved

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Time on My Mind and My Moral Judgment(557 kB)536 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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