Dicke narrowing and speed-dependent effects in dispersion signals: Influence on assessment of concentration and spectral parameters by noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectrometry
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)Alternative title
Dicke-avsmalning och hastighetsberoende effekter hos dispersionssignaler : Påverkan på bestämning av koncentration och spektrala parametrar genom brusimmun kavitetsförstärkt optisk heterodyn molekylär spektrometri (Swedish)
Laser spectroscopic techniques have, during the last decades, demonstrated an extraordinary capability for sensitive detection of molecular constituents in gas phase. Since spectra from such techniques constitute unique and characteristic signatures for each type of species, these techniques enable investigations of molecular structures as well as detection of the presence of species in a gas mixture. They are therefore used for a variety of application, from fundamental studies to the assessment of gas concentrations. In fact, quantitative assessments of gas concentrations by laser-based techniques are constantly gaining in popularity, primarily due to properties such as high sensitivity and selectivity and an ability to perform non-invasive measurement. Moreover, investigations of isolated molecular transitions under different conditions provide excellent means to obtain a comprehensive understanding of spectral broadening mechanisms, which is of importance for, for example, environmental sciences and remote sensing applications. In fundamental studies, spectroscopic parameters are often retrieved from fits of a model function of the technique used, which in turn is based upon a suitable lineshape function. In order to obtain parameter values with highest possible accuracy, it is of importance to use the lineshape model that most correctly can predict the measured spectra. Even though the Voigt function is the most commonly used lineshape model when both Doppler and collision broadenings are present, it is not always suitable when spectroscopic parameters are to be assessed with high precision.
This thesis represents a thorough investigation of Dicke narrowing and speed-dependent effects, which are phenomena that are not accounted for by the conventional Voigt profile. For the first time, it is demonstrated that both these effects take place not only in absorption but also in the dispersion mode of detection. Their dispersion lineshape functions are first theoretically presumed and explicitly given before they are validated experimentally by the noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectrometry (NICE-OHMS). By using the models developed, it is also shown that although the two modes of detection, absorption and dispersion, both can provide good quality of fits, they do not always provide identical spectroscopic parameters. A detailed analysis under which conditions they do so, and subsequent recommendations of their use, are presented.
It also describes the instrumental implementation of a distributed-feed-back (DFB) laser-based NICE-OHMS instrumentation, which constitutes an important step towards the further development of this technique. Due to the wide tunability of the DFB laser, the setup is capable of extending the working range of NICE-OHMS into the collision broadening region, which, in turn, allows for precise spectroscopic studies. The use of a fiber-coupled DFB laser also provides a compact NICE-OHMS system. The minimum detectable on-resonance absorption was assessed to 2× 10-10 cm-1 for a 70 s integration time.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå Universitet , 2013. , 89 p.
Dicke narrowing, Speed-dependent effects, Dispersion signals, Noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectrometry (NICE-OHMS), accuracy
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-70235ISBN: 978-91-7459-628-1 (digital)ISBN: 978-91-7459-627-4 (printed)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-70235DiVA: diva2:620527
2013-06-04, Naturvetarhuset, N420, Umeå Universitet, Umeå, 10:00 (English)
Gianfrani, Livio, Professor
Axner, Ove, Professor
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