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Determinants of epilepsy in infancy in Bangladesh: a case-control study
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
2013 (English)In: Neurology Asia, ISSN 1823-6138, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 17-22Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Very little research has been done on childhood epilepsy in Bangladesh. Greater knowledge on risk factors of epilepsy in the early years of life could help to improve understanding of epilepsy, can tell us about its prognosis and allow early intervention. Objective: This study was designed to explore the determinants of epilepsy in infancy, in Bangladesh. Method: A case-control study involving 63 patients with epilepsy was performed in two specialized hospitals in Bangladesh. Children with epilepsy were the study population. Result: Birth asphyxia, neonatal seizure and history of consanguinity were significantly associated with epilepsy in infancy (OR 7.4, 95% CI 2.37-6.57, OR 4.13, 95% CI 1.67-4.65 and OR 10.85, CI 2.11-41.08 respectively). Complication during antenatal period of pregnancy was found to be higher in children who develop epilepsy in infancy but it was not signifi cant (OR 2.76; 95% CI 1.08-4.89). Coexisting impairments were highly signifi cant in children having seizure onset in infancy (OR 5.9; p=.000); these were -developmental delay, speech and language delay, mental retardation and cerebral palsy. Conclusion: Birth asphyxia, neonatal seizure and parental consanguinity, were significantly associated with epilepsy in infancy in Bangladesh. Antenatal complications were higher in infancy though not signifi cant. Epilepsy starting at this age was significantly associated with neurodevelopmental impairments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ASEAN Neurological Association , 2013. Vol. 18, no 1, p. 17-22
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-28905ISI: 000316787600003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-28905DiVA, id: diva2:619679
Available from: 2013-05-06 Created: 2013-05-03 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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