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Attityder sjuksköterskor och vårdpersonal har till patienter med HIV/AIDS och orsaker till dessa attityder: - En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Introduktion: Patienter med HIV/AIDS upplever diskriminering och stigmatisering i sjukvården. Att mötas av diskriminering och stigmatisering påverkar livet för de smittade i form av att de upplever social isolering, depression och post traumatisk stress. Stigmatisering och attityder har ett samband. Sjuksköterskans attityder kan påverka patienten negativt i form av diskriminering och stigmatisering. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva sjuksköterskors attityder till patienter med HIV/AIDS och även att beskriva vad som orsakar dessa attityder. Metod: En deskriptiv litteraturstudie har genomförts. Artiklar söktes i databasen Cinahl. Resultatet baserar sig på 13 vetenskapliga artiklar som har analyserats genom att söka efter mönster. Huvudresultat: Sjuksköterskan har undvikande, hänvisande och dömande attityder till patienter med HIV/AIDS. Dessa attityder leder till kränkande åsikter och kränkande handlingar. Attityderna orsakas av bristande kunskap om HIV/AIDS samt otillräcklig erfarenhet av att vårda patienter med HIV/AIDS. Attityderna orsakas vidare av rädsla för att bli smittad samt av rädsla för samhällets åsikter om sjukdomen.  Sjuksköterskans attityder orsakas även av patientgruppen som både anses krävande och givande. Slutsats: Fördjupad kunskap gällande ICN:s etiska kod är nödvändig. Vidare är det viktigt att omvårdnaden grundar sig på en värdegrund. Behovet av fortsatt forskning är angeläget för att bedriva god omvårdnad av patienter med HIV/AIDS.

Abstract [en]

Introduction: Patients with HIV / AIDS experience discrimination and stigmatization in health care. To be faced with discrimination and stigma affects the lives of those infected as they experience social isolation, depression and post-traumatic stress. Stigma and attitudes are related. Nurses' attitudes can affect the patient negatively through discrimination and stigmatization. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe nurses' attitudes towards patients with HIV / AIDS and also to describe what causes these attitudes. Method: A descriptive study was carried out. Articles were searched in the Cinahl database. The result is based on 13 scientific articles that have been analyzed by searching for patterns. Main results: The nurse has avoiding, referring and judgmental attitudes towards patients with HIV / AIDS. These attitudes lead to offensive opinions and offensive acts. These attitudes are caused by lack of knowledge about HIV / AIDS and insufficient experience in the care of patients with HIV / AIDS. Attitudes are futher caused by the fear of being infected, and by the fear of society´s opinion of the disease. The nurses' attitudes are also caused by the patient group, because they are considered both challenging and rewarding. Conclusion: Better understanding regarding the ICN:s code of ethics is necessary. Furthermore, it is important that care is based on a underlying philosophy of nursing. The need for continued research is necessary to provide good care of patients with HIV / AIDS.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 40 p.
Keyword [en]
HIV, Nurse, Attitudes
Keyword [sv]
HIV, Sjuksköterska, Attityder
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-14223Archive number: SSKVk10-32OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-14223DiVA: diva2:618992
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-05-06 Created: 2013-04-30 Last updated: 2013-05-06Bibliographically approved

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Moreno, J. AlejandroUrrutia Duchens Carlos, Carlos
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CiteExportLink to record
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