Terminology and classification of muscle injuries in sport: The Munich consensus statement
2013 (English)In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, ISSN 0306-3674, E-ISSN 1473-0480, Vol. 47, no 6, 342-U17 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective To provide a clear terminology and classification of muscle injuries in order to facilitate effective communication among medical practitioners and development of systematic treatment strategies. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMethods Thirty native English-speaking scientists and team doctors of national and first division professional sports teams were asked to complete a questionnaire on muscle injuries to evaluate the currently used terminology of athletic muscle injury. In addition, a consensus meeting of international sports medicine experts was established to develop practical and scientific definitions of muscle injuries as well as a new and comprehensive classification system. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanResults The response rate of the survey was 63%. The responses confirmed the marked variability in the use of the terminology relating to muscle injury, with the most obvious inconsistencies for the term strain. In the consensus meeting, practical and systematic terms were defined and established. In addition, a new comprehensive classification system was developed, which differentiates between four types: functional muscle disorders (type 1: overexertion-related and type 2: neuromuscular muscle disorders) describing disorders without macroscopic evidence of fibre tear and structural muscle injuries (type 3: partial tears and type 4: (sub) total tears/tendinous avulsions) with macroscopic evidence of fibre tear, that is, structural damage. Subclassifications are presented for each type. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusions A consistent English terminology as well as a comprehensive classification system for athletic muscle injuries which is proven in the daily practice are presented. This will help to improve clarity of communication for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes and can serve as the basis for future comparative studies to address the continued lack of systematic information on muscle injuries in the literature. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanWhat are the new things Consensus definitions of the terminology which is used in the field of muscle injuries as well as a new comprehensive classification system which clearly defines types of athletic muscle injuries.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Publishing Group , 2013. Vol. 47, no 6, 342-U17 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-91538DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2012-091448ISI: 000316674400003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-91538DiVA: diva2:618314
Funding Agencies|FC Bayern Munich, Adidas||Audi||2013-04-262013-04-262014-10-30