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Societal risk and safety management: Policy diffusion, management structures and perspectives at the municipal level in Sweden
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This compilation thesis investigates risk and safety management at the Swedish local governmentallevel. It sets special focus on municipal implementation of overall international and nationalstrategies and objectives regarding holistic, cross-sectorial and multi-strategic risk and safetywork, and the prevention of accidents and injuries.

The overall aim for this thesis have been to empirically map and provide an overview of theadministrative structures for, and the prevailing management perspectives applied in the societalrisk and safety management in Sweden, as well as to study the diffusion of strategic intentions forthis area down to the municipal level.

Three different sources constitute the thesis empirical base: two different set of official planningdocuments, written by Swedish municipal officials on commission of the local politiciansand one set of data from a survey investigation with municipal officials representing differentdepartments/functions. The documents were investigated using content analysis, while datafrom the survey were analyzed using statistical measures.

This thesis provides through its empirical works an outlook on the general characteristics andarchetypical features of the Swedish local level’s administrative structures and managementperspective on risk and safety management; and proposes a municipal typology and a set of valuecharacters for allocation and institutionalization of risk and safety-tasks. This thesis also suggestsa conceptual framework for overviewing risk and safety management’s systemic steering elementsin its framework report. Based on the findings made, it seems as if the local level’s compliance tothe strategic level’s ambitions for the risk and safety area is hindered by practical implementationdifficulties and that much work remains in order to reach stated strategic objectives regardingholistic, inter-sectorial and multi-strategic management approaches, and preventive risk andsafety work.

Abstract [en]

Baksidestext

The compilation thesis investigates Societal Risk and Safety Management (SRSM) at the Swedish local governmental level. It sets special focus on municipal implementation of overall international and national strategies and objectives regarding holistic, cross-sectorial and multi-strategic risk and safety work, and prevention of accidents/injuries and promotion of safety. Three different sources constitute the thesis empirical bases: two different sets of official governmental planning documents, written by Swedish municipal officials on commission of the local politicians and one set of data from a survey investigation with municipal officials (n=1283), representing different administrative departments/functions within different municipalities. The official documents were investigated using content analysis methodology, while data from the survey were analyzed using various statistical investigations. This thesis suggests a conceptual and systemic model for SRSM’s contextual and analytical elements, and provides through its empirical works an overview of management perspectives and administrative structures applied, and it proposes a municipal typology and a set of value characters for allocation and institutionalization of SRSM-tasks locally.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2013. , 70 p.
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2013:23
Keyword [en]
societal risk and safety management, risk management, safety management, safety work, risk governance, policy implementation, planning, injury, accident, risk; safety, security, health, public health, prevention, promotion.
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-27079ISBN: 978-91-7063-500-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-27079DiVA: diva2:618234
Public defence
2014-01-24, Frödingsalen, 1B 364, Karlstads universitet, Karlstad, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-11-08 Created: 2013-04-26 Last updated: 2013-11-14Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Management of risks in societal planning: An analysis of scope and variety of health, safety and security issues in municipality plan documents
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Management of risks in societal planning: An analysis of scope and variety of health, safety and security issues in municipality plan documents
2006 (English)In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 44, no 8, 675-688 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The article is explorative and deals with the management of risk in conjunction with municipality planning of the physical environments in Sweden. The central research question was to investigate; “How are questions about risk issues treated in Swedish societal planning today?” Subject of investigation is a sample of municipal comprehensive master plan documents. The aim was to present a descriptive review of what risks regarding health, safety and security that are considered in a set of municipal comprehensive master plan documents prepared and adopted by Swedish municipalities. Additional aims are to describe how risks are dealt with (in what terms, extent and depth) and also to examine how risks are advocated to be handled in the future. Findings show that the plans include several visions, strategies and suggested improvements concerning risk-related issues, all aiming to create a healthier, safer and more secure municipality. However everyday risks in everyday surroundings attract less attention than disastrous risks with low probabilities and large consequences. Integration and management of risks is advocated to be further considered in more elaborated planning processes, but few plans specify how, when and with which participants. Few plans present a more philosophical discussion within their plans about different types of risks in society. Findings indicate further needs to examine and develop the planning process with regard to the management of risks from a broader variety of perspectives, and with special emphasis also on more “common threats”.

Keyword
Built environment, Public health, Risk management, Safety, Security, Urban planning
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-21260 (URN)10.1016/j.ssci.2006.03.001 (DOI)
Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
2. Cross-sectorial and holistic management approaches in societal risk and safety management: A review of the content in Swedish action programmes for civil protection against accidents
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cross-sectorial and holistic management approaches in societal risk and safety management: A review of the content in Swedish action programmes for civil protection against accidents
2013 (English)In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-27078 (URN)
Available from: 2013-04-26 Created: 2013-04-26 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
3. The typology for allocations of societal risk and safety management tasks at the local governmental level: Framing the current directions in Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The typology for allocations of societal risk and safety management tasks at the local governmental level: Framing the current directions in Sweden
2009 (English)In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 47, no 5, 680-685 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The starting point for this article is the need to develop empirical insights about contemporary societal risk and safety management practice and executive structures. In order to facilitate insights about societal risk and safety management in a Scandinavian welfare context we use Sweden and its local governmental level (municipal) as an empirical frame in this paper. The aim for this article is to analyse how a variety of risk and safety management tasks are divided within the Swedish municipalities. The objectives are to frame the current directions for internal allocations of risk and safety issues by providing an empirically based executive typology and to contemplate the implications and future research needs that arise from that management pattern.The analysis is based on statistical analysis of information from a web-survey with chief officials (n = 1283) with responsibilities for different municipal functions and sectors. In this study the responses to one of the survey questions are used for statistical analysis. The analyzed question focused on the degree that the respondents estimated that their administrative sector or function handled a selection of risk and safety management assignments (n = 45). A factor analysis was applied to identify patterns in the dataset. The analysis resulted in an eight factor solution with a high degree of explained variance (74.3%). The results provide an elementary contribution to the understanding of the current societal risks and safety management directions.

Keyword
Societal risk management, Societal safety management, Sweden, Typology, Municipal
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-27075 (URN)10.1016/j.ssci.2008.09.008 (DOI)
Available from: 2013-04-26 Created: 2013-04-26 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
4. Institutionalization of risk and safety management at the local governmental level in Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Institutionalization of risk and safety management at the local governmental level in Sweden
2009 (English)In: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 12, no 5, 687-708 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The starting point for this article is the need for empirical knowledge about organizational configuration for societal risk and safety management activities in a modern welfare society. In this paper, we use Sweden as an empirical frame to analyze the administrative management structure at the local governmental level. The analysis is based on statistical analysis of information from a web‐survey with administrative chief/head officials (n = 1283) with responsibilities for different municipal functions and sectors. The sample represented 25% of the Swedish municipalities (n = 290) and the response rate was approximately 60% (n = 766). The responses to two sets of questions (25 and 45 questions) are used for statistical analyses of management structures and task distribution within the municipal organizations. Principal component factor analyses with Varimax and Kaiser's Normalization was applied as a structure detection method. The results indicate a clear and uniform way to institutionalize societal risk and safety management at the local level. Furthermore, the management course of action is found to have different types of value characters. The implications that arise from the patterns identified in this study are considered to be of general relevance and topicality for research and practice in this area.

National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-27077 (URN)10.1080/13669870802689290 (DOI)
Available from: 2013-04-26 Created: 2013-04-26 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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