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Omvårdnadsproblem i samband med polyfarmaci hos äldre personer: En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet var att beskriva vilka omvårdnadsproblem som kan uppstå i samband med polyfarmacihos äldre personer. Litteraturstudien gjordes med beskrivande design. Datainsamling viadatabaserna PubMed och Cinahl. Resultatet baserades på 12 kvantitativa artiklar. Resultatetvisade att det fanns samband mellan polyfarmaci och flera specifika omvårdnadsproblembland äldre personer. Det omvårdnadsproblem som förekom mest bland de artiklar somstuderades var fall och frakturer. Det framkom att antalet använda läkemedel kundeidentifieras som en riskfaktor för fall och fraktur, men även att läkemedelstyp kunde påverka.Resultatet visade också att yrsel och balanssvårigheter kunde ha ett samband medpolyfarmaci. Andra omvårdnadsproblem som kunde kopplas samman med polyfarmaci varförsämrad nutritionsstatus, så som viktnedgång och undernäring. Det fanns också en kopplingmellan gastrointestinala problem och användandet av många läkemedel. Slutsatsen var att detfanns samband mellan polyfarmaci och flera omvårdnadsproblem bland äldre personer. Totaltfyra kategorier av omvårdnadsproblem identifierades utifrån de studerade artiklarna: fall ochfraktur, försämrad nutritionsstatus och malnutrition, mag- och tarmproblematik samt yrseloch balanssvårigheter.

Abstract [en]

The aim was to describe the nursing problems that may arise in connection withpolypharmacy in the elderly. The literature review was done with descriptive design. Datacollection through PubMed and Cinahl. The result was based on 12 quantitative articles. Theresults showed that there was a correlation between polypharmacy and several specificnursing problems among older people. The nursing problems that occurred most among thestudied articles were falls and fractures. It was revealed that the number of used medicinescould be identified as a risk factor for falls and fractures, but also drug type could influence.The results also showed that dizziness and balance problems could be associated withpolypharmacy. Other nursing problems that could connect with polypharmacy was impairednutritional status, such as weight loss and malnutrition. There were also a connection betweengastrointestinal problems and usage of many drugs. The conclusion was that a correlationbetween polypharmacy and several nursing problems among older people were found. A totalof four categories of nursing problems were identified in the studied articles: falls andfractures, impaired nutritional status and malnutrition, gastrointestinal problems, dizzinessand balance problems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 23 p.
Keyword [en]
aged, nursing problems, pharmaceuticals, polypharmacy
Keyword [sv]
läkemedel, omvårdnadsproblem, polyfarmaci, äldre
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-14213Archive number: SSKHK10-17OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-14213DiVA: diva2:618125
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-04-26 Created: 2013-04-25 Last updated: 2013-04-26Bibliographically approved

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