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Migration and Perceptions of War: Simultaneous Surveys in Countries of Origin and Settlement
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation contributes to post-war public opinion research by examining the perceptions of migrants – the gastarbeiter, the refugee, the family reunited after war – and the local population in comparative perspective. Existing surveys of post-war populations are typically conducted in a single country affected by war. However, particularly following forced expulsion and campaigns of ethnic cleansing substantial portions of national communities affected by conflict no longer live within the boundaries of the state. Current research may therefore overlook important populations as well as contextual factors that shape post-war attitudes.

I help to address this problem by examining three widely held assumptions in the literature: that migrants hold more conflictive attitudes than the local population after war; that assimilation in settlement countries leads migrants to hold more peaceful attitudes; and that traumatic experiences lead migrants to hold more conflictive attitudes. These claims are largely based on theoretical accounts, case studies that suffer from selection bias and quantitative results that have proven unstable. By contrast, I examine new micro-level data: two large-scale surveys conducted simultaneously in post-war Bosnia and Sweden as a settlement country. Sweden’s choice to grant permanent residency in toto to refugees from the Bosnian War in 1993 resulted in the vast majority remaining settled in Sweden. As a result, the population of ex-Yugoslavs in Sweden is arguably more representative than in other comparable settlement country contexts.

To explain differences among ex-Yugoslavs in Sweden and between these migrants and the local population in Bosnia, I connect social-psychological processes that help meet individuals’ basic psychological needs. These include: belief formation in the context of war; acculturation strategies in settlement countries; the development of nostalgic memories; and coping with traumatic experiences. The findings shed light on largely misunderstood processes. Under certain conditions, migration may provide an exit from detrimental wartime and post-war settings that produce and sustain conflictive societal beliefs after war. At the same time, the migration context may provide a richer set of socioeconomic and psychological resources for coping, offsetting the need to rely on conflictive beliefs as a way of dealing with the conflict crisis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Department of Peace and Conflict Research , 2013. , 38 p.
Series
Report / Department of Peace and Conflict Research, ISSN 0566-8808 ; 100
Keyword [en]
civil war, migration, refugees, gastarbeiter, family reunification, exile, trauma, coping, nostalgia, conservation of resources, terror management theory, social identity complexity, assimilation, acculturation, surveys
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-198766ISBN: 978-91-506-2344-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-198766DiVA: diva2:617872
Public defence
2013-06-10, Universitetshuset Sal IV, Uppsala University, Fjärdingen, Uppsala, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-05-17 Created: 2013-04-24 Last updated: 2014-11-05Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Diasporas and Civil War
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Diasporas and Civil War
2011 (English)In: War: an introduction to theories and research on collective violence / [ed] Tor G. Jakobsen, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2011, 187-205 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2011
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-198761 (URN)978-1-61761-139-1 (ISBN)978-1-61728-039-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-04-24 Created: 2013-04-24 Last updated: 2015-02-25Bibliographically approved
2. Are Migrants More Extreme Than Locals After War?: Evidence From a Simultaneous Survey of Migrants in Sweden and Locals in Bosnia
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Are Migrants More Extreme Than Locals After War?: Evidence From a Simultaneous Survey of Migrants in Sweden and Locals in Bosnia
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-198762 (URN)
Available from: 2013-04-24 Created: 2013-04-24 Last updated: 2013-05-27Bibliographically approved
3. Assimilation and Perceptions of War: A Micro-Level Analysis of Ex-Yugoslavs in Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assimilation and Perceptions of War: A Micro-Level Analysis of Ex-Yugoslavs in Sweden
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-198764 (URN)
Available from: 2013-04-24 Created: 2013-04-24 Last updated: 2013-09-19Bibliographically approved
4. War Trauma and Intergroup Trust
Open this publication in new window or tab >>War Trauma and Intergroup Trust
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-198765 (URN)
Available from: 2013-04-24 Created: 2013-04-24 Last updated: 2013-05-27Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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