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Förekomst av läkemedelsbiverkningar vid behandling av psykossjukdomar samt stöd till drabbade individer
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att beskriva vilka biverkningar individer som behandlas med antipsykotika upplever och dess konsekvenser för livskvaliteten samt hur vårdpersonalen kan ge stöd till drabbade individer i vardagen för att minska obehaget av biverkningar. Metoden som användes var en avgränsad systematisk litteraturstudie. Vetenskapliga artiklar söktes via två databaser. Totalt inkluderades tio artiklar som genomgick kvalitets- och resultatanalys. Resultatet visade att vanligt förekommande biverkningar av antipsykotika som patienterna upplevde och rapporterade var psykiska, extrapyramidala följt av endokrina och metaboliska effekter samt övriga biverkningar som autonoma, antikolinerga och allergirelaterade. Resultaten visade att en sjuksköterskeledd vårdtjänst kunde upptäcka fysiska problem som ohälsosam livsstil och fetma och därmed åstadkomma positiv livsförändig och viktnedgång. Studierna ger även förslag på copingstrategier som stöd vid biverkningar trötthet och viktuppgång. Slutsatsen: Studien har visat att patienter med psykossjukdomar upplevde olika biverkningar av antipsykotika som de måste ta för att förebygga återfall i psykos. Det finns omvårdnadsåtgärder och stöd till patienter som gör det lättare att klara vardagslivet trots biverkningar. Dock behövs mer forskning om omvårdnadsåtgärder och stöd.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to describe the side effects experienced by individuals treated with antipsychotics, their consequence in life quality and how care staff can give support to these individuals to reduce discomfort of the side effects in their daily life. The method was a determinate literature review. The scientific articles where found in the database PubMed. A total of ten articles where included and were analyzed based on their quality and contents.

The results showed that the most common of antipsychotic side effects that the patient experienced and reported  were psychic, extrapyramidal followed by endocrine and the metabolic issue and other side effects with autonomic, anticholinergic and allergy related. The result showed that a nurse-led service with provided care delivery could discover physical health problems such as unhealthy lifestyle and obesity, and consequently achieve positive changes of life and weight loss. The studies even gave suggestions of strategies to cope with sedation, tiredness and weight gain. Conclusion of this literature review was that the patients with psychotic illnesses perceived different side effects from the antipsychotic medication that they had to take to prevent fallback in psychos. There is even nursing care and support to patients which make daily life easier in spite of side effects. However more research is needed about nursing methods and support.     

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 22 p.
Keyword [en]
schizophrenia, antipsychotic treatment, side effects, coping
Keyword [sv]
schizofreni, antipsykotisk behandling, biverkningar, coping
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-198543OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-198543DiVA: diva2:616845
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Freestanding course
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-04-19 Created: 2013-04-19 Last updated: 2013-04-19Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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