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Tvåspråkighet i Tornedalen: elevernas språkanvändning och språkliga miljö
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
1980 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Bilingualism in Tornedalen : the use of language of the pupils and their linguistic environment (English)
Abstract [sv]

I rapporten redovisas en delundersökning inom ramen för det SÖ-fi nansierade projektet Glesbygdens skolfrågor, del III. Denna delundersökning behandlar Tornedalselever-nas språkliga miljö. Vilket eller vilka språk använder/ kommer man i kontakt med i skolan och på fritiden. 354 elever (åk 4) i kommunerna Haparanda, Övertorneå och Pajala intervjuades och observerades. Resultaten visar att huvuddelen av eleverna nästan alltid uteslutande använder svenska. Ett undantag utgör dock hemmiljön där finska används något mera främst vid samtal med föräldrarna. Skillnader finns mellan tätorter/glesbygd. Användningen av finskan är störst utanför tätorterna. Elevernas språkliga miljö är dock i större utsträckning finskspråkig. Förutom i hemmet kommer eleverna i kontakt med finska språket via finska televisionens utsändningar, vilka i betydande utsträckning följs av barnen. Inga skillnader i språkanvändning hos barnen med avseende på kön eller social bakgrund återfanns. Då det gäller barnens föräldrar fanns dock klara skillnader mellan socialgrupperna (socialgrupp 3 använder finska språket mera än socialgrupp 1 och 2). Slutsatsen, som kan dras utifrån nämnda resultat, främst jämförelsen mellan föräldrarnas och barnens språkanvändning blir att finska språket minskar och sannolikt kommer att försvinna inom en eller två generationer.

Abstract [en]

A part of the project "Education in sparsely populated areas" financed by the National Board of Education is accounted for in this report. This investigation deals with the linguistic environment of the pupils of Torne-dalen. Which language (Finnish/Swedish) or languages do they use/come in contact with at school and in their spare time. 354 pupils (in grade 4) in the districts of Haparanda, Övertorneå and Pajala were interviewed and observed. The results show that the majority of the pupils, nearly always use Swedish. However, one exception is the home environment where Finnish is used somewhat more frequently especially in conversations with parents. Differences between densely and sparsely populated areas can be found. The use of the Finnish language is most frequent outside the densely populated areas. The linguistic environment of the pupils, however, is to a greater extent Finnish. Apart from coming in contact with the Finnish language in their homes the pupils also come in contact with the Finnish language via Finnish television, which is frequently watched by the children. No differences in the children's use of language as regards sex or social background could be found. When it comes to the parents there were, however, clear differences between social classes. Social class "3" (working class) uses the Finnish language more than the other social classes do. The conclusion which can be drawn from the results especially the comparison between the parents' and the children's language use, is that the use of the Finnish language is decreasing and will probably disappear within one or two generations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 1980. , 35 p.
Series
Pedagogiska rapporter Umeå, ISSN 0348-9388 ; 79
Keyword [sv]
Meänkieli, Tvåspråkighet, Sverige, Norrbotten, Tornedalen
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-68351OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-68351DiVA: diva2:616528
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2013-04-17 Created: 2013-04-17 Last updated: 2013-04-18Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Tvåspråkighet i Tornedalen: sammanfattning och diskussion
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tvåspråkighet i Tornedalen: sammanfattning och diskussion
1980 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
Bilingualism in Tornedalen : summary and discussion
Abstract [en]

This report is a summary and a discussion of a research project on bilingualism in Tornedalen. Within the project "Education in sparsely populated areas", financed by the National Board of Education, a number of studies were carried out aiming at giving a description of the present linguistic situation (Swedish/Finnish) of the pupils in the comprehensive school. Another aim was to see if there was any correlation between school achievement and the linguistic abilities of the pupils (Swedish-Finnish) . In this connection the intention was also to develop methods of measurement and to construct tests. The basis of the work was a model originally developed by Spolsky (1974) and had in a broad sense a "sociology of language" approach. The population consisted of all the 354 pupils in grade 4 in the district of Haparanda, Övertorneå and Paj ala. The gathering of data in which combination of different methods such as interviews, observations and testings were used, took place at the turn of the year 1975/76. The results have been published in six reports (nr 78-83) in the series of reports of the Department of Education, Pedagogiska rapporter, Umeå (in Swedish). In this summary the main results are accounted for concerning the pupil's use of language and linguistic knowledge as well as results and marks. The results show that the use of the Finnish language is almost restricted to the home environment. As for the knowledge of Finnish it can be noted that about 40 per cent have active abilities and the rest of the pupils are purely Swedish speaking. The difference between the mentioned groups as regards the other measurements of achievement used were small or insignificant especially if the social background of the pupils was taken into consideration. The main conclusion was that the Finnish language in Tornedalen is decreasing and that in one or two generations probably all the area will be Swedish speaking. The consequences of this are discussed,and the importance of school and education is also dealt with. Suggestions for further research are given such as longitudinal and iterated cross-sectional studies and comparative studies in other bilingual areas. Studies about attitudes to the languages in Tornedalen are suggested as well as intensified work on the developing of methods in bilingual research. Finnally further investigations on the covariation between different factors and school achievement are recommended.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 1980. 73 p.
Series
Akademiska avhandlingar vid Pedagogiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, ISSN 0281-6768 ; 13
Keyword
Bilingualism, bilingual pupils, language use, linguistic ability, oral production, sociology of language, Tornedalen
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-16610 (URN)91-7174-057-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
1980-12-04, Humanisthuset hörsal G, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:15
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2007-10-07 Created: 2007-10-07 Last updated: 2013-04-18Bibliographically approved

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