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Vad påverkar en kommuns beslut att bli en "Fairtrade city"?: En studie av Sveriges kommuner
Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis is to examine the properties of the municipalities in Sweden that influence the choice of being a certified Fairtrade city. The independent variables which are used in the statistical analysis are municipal governance, local tax rate, whether there is an university and/or university college in the municipality, average income and higher education in the municipality. The variables are examined by logistic regression. Since there are no statistical data on ethical procurement, this exogenous variable isn’t included in the regression. Through interviews with representatives of municipalities in Sweden with and without Fairtrade city certification and logistic regression we have been able to reach a result. The interviews gave an insight in how a municipality in reality acts when it comes to the certification Fairtrade city. The result of the statistical analysis is that a larger proportion with higher education in the population, having university and/or university college in the municipality and a Leftist majority (Social Democrats, Environmental Party and Left Party) on the Municipality Council increase the probability that a municipality is a certificated Fair trade city.

Abstract [sv]

Uppsatsens syfte är att undersöka vilka egenskaper hos kommuner i Sverige som kan påverka valet av att vara en diplomerad Fairtrade city. De oberoende variabler som används i den statistiska analysen, är kommunens politiska styre, kommunalskattesats, om det finns universitet och/eller högskola i kommunen, medelinkomst samt eftergymnasial utbildning inom kommunen. Variablerna undersöks med logistisk regression. Etisk offentlig upphandling finns ingen statistisk data över, därför är denna exogena variabel inte med i studiens logistiska regressionsmodell. Med hjälp av intervjuer med kommuner i Sverige som har diplomeringen respektive inte har den, har vi haft möjlighet att komplettera vårt resultat från den logistiska regressions analysen. Intervjuerna gav en insikt i hur en kommun i verkligheten ställer sig kring diplomeringen Fairtrade city. Resultat visar sannolikheten att en kommun är Fairtrade city är större ju högre andel av befolkningen som har eftergymnasial utbildning; om kommunen har universitet och/eller högskola och om den har ett vänsterstyre.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012.
Keyword [sv]
Fairtrade, Fairtrade city, etisk offentlig upphandling, kommunalt beslutsfattande
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-26966Local ID: NEK C-26OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-26966DiVA: diva2:616521
Subject / course
Economics
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-04-30 Created: 2013-04-17 Last updated: 2013-04-30Bibliographically approved

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Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT
Economics

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CiteExportLink to record
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