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Sjuksköterskors reflektioner kring ämnet sexualitet i omvårdnadsarbetet vid cytostatikabehandling: En kvalitativ intervjustudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Att drabbas av cancer och genomgå cytostatikabehandling kan inverka på patienters sexualitet. Sjuksköterskor bör se till patienters alla behov för att kunna ge en god omvårdnad. Syftet var att beskriva sjuksköterskors reflektioner kring ämnet sexualitet i omvårdnadsarbetet med cytostatikabehandlade vuxna patienter med cancer. Studiens metod var empirisk med deskriptiv design och kvalitativ ansats. Datainsamlingen skedde via semi-strukturerade intervjuer med sex sjuksköterskor från en onkologisk klinik i Mellansverige. I huvudresultatet presenteras två kategorier, information om sexualitet vid start av cytostatikabehandling och omständigheter som påverkade samtal om sexualitet. Sjuksköterskorna ansåg att det var deras ansvar att informera om sexualitet och att information om ämnet var betydelsefullt. Patienters intresse och behov styrde informationen, men alla patienter fick inte information om sexualitet. Anledning till detta kunde vara att sjuksköterskorna inte ville genera patienter. Sjuksköterskorna hade inte erhållit någon kunskap om sexualitet genom utbildning. Kunskapen hade sjuksköterskorna erhållit genom arbetslivserfarenhet. Slutsats, för att som sjuksköterska regelbundet kunna informera patienter om hur sexualiteten kan påverkas av cytostatikabehandling vid cancersjukdom behövs vidare kunskaper. Detta för att kunna minska den spänning som finns kring ämnet sexualitet. 

Abstract [en]

To suffer from cancer and going through treatment with chemotherapy can affect patients’ sexuality. Nurses should pay regard to all needs of the patients to be able to provide good nursing care. The aim of the study was to describe the nurses’ reflections around sexuality as a part of their nursing practice, related to adult patients with cancer going through chemotherapy. The study is based on qualitative interviews with a descriptive design. The interviews were conducted through semi-structured questions and the study group consisted of six nurses who worked at an oncology clinic in the central part of Sweden. The main result showed two categories, information about sexuality at the start of chemotherapy and circumstances that could affect conversation about sexuality. The nurses considered it to be their responsibility to inform the patient about sexuality and that information was meaningful. The patient’s interest and need directed the information, but all patients’ did not get information about sexuality. A reason to this could be that the nurses did not want to embarrass the patients. The nurses had not gained any knowledge about sexuality through education. The knowledge the nurses had gained came from work experience. Conclusion, to inform patients about how their sexuality can be affected by going trough treatment with chemotherapy regularly, nurses need further knowledge. This could reduce the tension that exists around the topic sexuality. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
Nurse sexuality patients cancer/neoplasm antineoplastic combined chemotherapy protocols
Keyword [sv]
Sjuksköterska sexualitet patienter cancer/neoplasm cytostatikabehandling
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-14171Archive number: SSKHk10- 11OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-14171DiVA: diva2:616506
Educational program
Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-04-17 Created: 2013-04-17 Last updated: 2013-04-17Bibliographically approved

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Karlsson & Stålberg(659 kB)159 downloads
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