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Transkulturell omvårdnad – en litteraturstudie om sjuksköterskans upplevelse
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Syftet var att undersöka hur sjuksköterskor upplever transkulturell omvårdnad. Vidare ville författarna belysa kvalitén av de valda artiklarnas urvalsmetod och undersökningsgrupp. Metod: litteraturstudie med deskriptiv design. 10 kvalitativa artiklar inkluderades efter sökningar i databaserna Medline och PubMed, samt genom manuell sökning. Resultat: Resultatet visade att sjuksköterskor upplevde att patienter från en annan kultur kunde upphov till försvårat omvårdnadsarbete. Patienters uttryck för smärta kunde enligt sjuksköterskor skifta beroende på kultur. Sjuksköterskan upplevde brist i sin transkulturella kunskap och önskade därmed ett ökat kunskapsutbud inom transkulturell omvårdnad. Närstående beskrevs ofta besöka patienten i större grupper vilket upplevdes problematiskt av sjuksköterskan. Sjuksköterskor upplevde att patientkommunikationen försvårades när språkbarriärer existerade. Irritation uppstod hos sjuksköterskor och patienter i samband med språkbarriärer. Resultatet presenteras i fyra rubriker; “upplevelser av”; svårigheter i omvårdnaden, kunskap och utbildning, patienters närstående & patientkommunikation. Slutsats: Författarna förväntar sig vårda patienter från en annan kulturell bakgrund men anser att den egna sjuksköterskeutbildningen få verktyg inom området. Litteraturstudien hoppas kunna leda till eftertanke och diskussion hos sjuksköterskor och övrig vårdpersonal kring transkulturell omvårdnad. Författarna efterlyser ett bredare och djupare kunskapsutbud inom transkulturell omvårdnad i utbildningar och fortbildningar av redan yrkesutövande sjuksköterskor.

Abstract [en]

Aim: The aim was to examine how nurses perceive Transcultural nursing. Furthermore, the authors wanted to highlight the quality of the selected articles sampling method and study group. Method: The study have a descriptive design that included 10 qualitative articles, searches were made in the databases; Medline and PubMed, and furthermore manual article search. Results: The results showed that nurses felt that patients from another culture could give rise to complicate the nursing process. Nurses experienced that patients' expressions of pain could vary depending on their culture. Nurses perceived that their Transcultural knowledge was inadequate and desired therefore a greater range of knowledge in the field of Transcultural nursing. Relatives described to often visit the patients in larger groups which the nurse experienced as problematic. Nurses felt that patient communication was complicated when language barriers existed. Irritation in nurse- patient relations occurred when language barriers existed. The results are presented in four headings: "experiences of"; difficulties in nursing, knowledge and education, patients' relatives and patient communication. Conclusion: The authors expect to care for patients from a different cultural background, but feels that their nursing education does not provide sufficient tools in Transcultural nursing. This literature study hopes to lead to reflection and discussion between nurses and other medical professionals in the field of Transcultural nursing. The authors are calling for a broader and deeper range of knowledge for nursing students and professional practicing nurses in the field of transcultural nursing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 27 p.
Keyword [sv]
Transkulturell omvårdnad, Sjuksköterska-patientrelationer, Kulturell mångfald, Omvårdnad, Upplevelse
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-14067Archive number: SSKHk10- 05OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-14067DiVA: diva2:615117
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-04-09 Created: 2013-04-08 Last updated: 2013-04-09Bibliographically approved

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