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Tvåspråkighet i Tornedalen: bildberättelser
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
1980 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Bilingualism in Tornedalen : picture stories (English)
Abstract [sv]

Inom ramen för det SÖ-finansierade projektet Glesbygdens skolfrågor III genomfördes tre delstudier med syfte att mäta och beskriva elevernas språkkunskaper. I denna rapport redovisas resultaten av en delstudie, där en metod, bild-berättelse, använts för att mäta muntlig produktion på de två språken. Samtliga elever (354) i åk 4 i kommunerna Haparanda, Övertorneå och Pajala ingick i delstudien. Alla fick med utgångspunkt i förelagda bildserier berätta innehållet på svenska och finska. Berättelserna spelades in på band och bedömdes i dels en femgradig skala samt i form av parvisa jämförelser. Varje berättelse bedömdes av minst fyra bedömare och överensstämmelsen mellan bedömarna var mycket hög. Av resultaten framgår att av undersökningens 354 elever har 154 aktiva kunskaper (kan berätta) i finska. Prestationerna inom denna grupp (uttryckt i femgradig skala) är approximativt normalfördelade förde båda språken. Resultaten visar också att vare sig de s k"balansteorierna"el1er idéerna om halvspråkighet får något stöd. I stället konstateras ett positivt samband mellan prestationerna på respektive språk.

Abstract [en]

In the project, "Education in sparsely populated areas", financed by the National Board of Education three studies, aiming at measuring and describing the linguistic ability of the pupils, were carried out. In this report the results of a study are accounted for where a method, picture stories, has been used to measure oral production in the two languages. All the pupils (354) in grade 4 in the districts of Haparanda, övertorneå and Pajala took part. All the pupils were given the task of telling picture stories in Swedish and Finnish. The stories were taped, judged, on a five-grade scale and in form of pair-wise comparisons. Every story was judged by at least 4 judges and the correlation between the judges was very high. The results show that out of the 354 pupils in the investigation 154 have active ability (i.e. can tell, the story) in Finnish. The achievements in this group (expressed on a five-grade-scale) are approximately normally distributed for the two languages. The results also show that neither the so-called "balance theories" nor the ideas of semibilingualism get any support. Instead a positive correlation between the achievements in the two languages is found.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 1980. , 13 p.
Series
Pedagogiska rapporter Umeå, ISSN 0348-9388 ; 82
Keyword [sv]
Meänkieli, Tvåspråkighet Sverige Norrbotten, Tornedalen
National Category
Pedagogy Specific Languages
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-67841OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-67841DiVA: diva2:614307
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2013-04-04 Created: 2013-04-04 Last updated: 2013-04-18Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Tvåspråkighet i Tornedalen: sammanfattning och diskussion
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tvåspråkighet i Tornedalen: sammanfattning och diskussion
1980 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
Bilingualism in Tornedalen : summary and discussion
Abstract [en]

This report is a summary and a discussion of a research project on bilingualism in Tornedalen. Within the project "Education in sparsely populated areas", financed by the National Board of Education, a number of studies were carried out aiming at giving a description of the present linguistic situation (Swedish/Finnish) of the pupils in the comprehensive school. Another aim was to see if there was any correlation between school achievement and the linguistic abilities of the pupils (Swedish-Finnish) . In this connection the intention was also to develop methods of measurement and to construct tests. The basis of the work was a model originally developed by Spolsky (1974) and had in a broad sense a "sociology of language" approach. The population consisted of all the 354 pupils in grade 4 in the district of Haparanda, Övertorneå and Paj ala. The gathering of data in which combination of different methods such as interviews, observations and testings were used, took place at the turn of the year 1975/76. The results have been published in six reports (nr 78-83) in the series of reports of the Department of Education, Pedagogiska rapporter, Umeå (in Swedish). In this summary the main results are accounted for concerning the pupil's use of language and linguistic knowledge as well as results and marks. The results show that the use of the Finnish language is almost restricted to the home environment. As for the knowledge of Finnish it can be noted that about 40 per cent have active abilities and the rest of the pupils are purely Swedish speaking. The difference between the mentioned groups as regards the other measurements of achievement used were small or insignificant especially if the social background of the pupils was taken into consideration. The main conclusion was that the Finnish language in Tornedalen is decreasing and that in one or two generations probably all the area will be Swedish speaking. The consequences of this are discussed,and the importance of school and education is also dealt with. Suggestions for further research are given such as longitudinal and iterated cross-sectional studies and comparative studies in other bilingual areas. Studies about attitudes to the languages in Tornedalen are suggested as well as intensified work on the developing of methods in bilingual research. Finnally further investigations on the covariation between different factors and school achievement are recommended.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 1980. 73 p.
Series
Akademiska avhandlingar vid Pedagogiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, ISSN 0281-6768 ; 13
Keyword
Bilingualism, bilingual pupils, language use, linguistic ability, oral production, sociology of language, Tornedalen
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-16610 (URN)91-7174-057-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
1980-12-04, Humanisthuset hörsal G, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:15
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2007-10-07 Created: 2007-10-07 Last updated: 2013-04-18Bibliographically approved

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