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Prevalence and Duration of PTSD in Survivors Six Years After a Natural Disaster
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, National Center for Disaster Psychiatry. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Ulleråker, University Hospital.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, National Center for Disaster Psychiatry. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Ulleråker, University Hospital.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, National Center for Disaster Psychiatry. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Ulleråker, University Hospital.
2013 (English)In: Journal of Anxiety Disorders, ISSN 0887-6185, E-ISSN 1873-7897, Vol. 27, no 3, 347-352 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study aimed to examine the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in survivors with low levels of risk factors for PTSD. The sample included 142 adults (58% women, 54% university education, 93% employed/students/retired) on vacation in Southeast Asia during the 2004 Indian Ocean disaster. Semi-structured clinical interviews (SCID-I) were performed after 6 years including PTSD, depression, specific phobia, and alcohol abuse. The 6-year prevalence of PTSD was 11.3% and the current prevalence was 4.2%, with onset mainly within 1 month and remission within 3 years post-disaster. Suicidal ideation and comorbidity were common in PTSD cases. Lifetime prevalence of depression was 19%, specific phobia 7%, and alcohol abuse 4%. The findings suggest elevated levels of PTSD but not other disorders as compared with general population samples, but still lower levels than other disaster samples. Despite benign circumstances, however, the course and burden of PTSD were comparable to similar studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 27, no 3, 347-352 p.
Keyword [en]
Disasters; Posttraumatic Stress Disorder; Mental Health; Major Depression; Chronicity (Disorders); Diagnosis
Keyword [sv]
Katastrofer; Posttraumatiskt stressyndrom; Psykisk ohälsa; Depression; Förlopp; Diagnos
National Category
Psychiatry
Research subject
Psychiatry; Clinical Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-197606DOI: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2013.03.011ISI: 000319792800011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-197606DiVA: diva2:613678
Available from: 2013-03-31 Created: 2013-03-31 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0887618513000583

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Arnberg, Filip KBergh Johannesson, KerstinMichel, Per-Olof
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