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Tvåspråkighet i Tornedalen: elevernas skolprestationer
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
1980 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Bilingualism in Tornedalen : the achievement of the pupils (English)
Abstract [sv]

I rapporten redovisas en delstudie inom ramen för det SÖ-finansierade projektet Glesbygdens skolfrågor, del III. Denna delstudie undersöker om elevernas skolprestationer (betyg, test) samvarierar med språkkunskaper (svenska, finska). I studien ingick 354 elever (åk 4) i kommunerna Haparanda, Övertorneå och Pajala. Rapporten inleds med en genomgång av tidigare forskning på området, främst med avseende på olika prestationsmåtts samvariation med olika typer av språkliga faktorer (enspråkighet och olika typer av tvåspråkighet). Eleverna indelades utifrån tidigare genomförda testningar i tre grupper:Elever med aktiva kunskaper i finska, elever med enbart passiva kunskaper i finska och elever helt utan kunskaper i finska. Den förstnämnda gruppen indelades vidare utifrån elevernas färdigheter i respektive språk. Skillnaderna mellan grupperna med avseende på de använda prestationsmåtten var små eller obefintliga, speciellt om hänsyn togs till socialgruppstillhörighet. Dock förekommer samvariation mellan prestationsmått och färdigheter i svenska språket. Slutsatsen blir att många faktorer förutom de rent språkliga spelar in i detta sammanhang, och de eventuella skillnader som finns mellan grupperna manifesteras inte i enkla prestationsmått.

Abstract [en]

In this report a study within the project "Education in sparsely populated areas" financed by the National Board of Education is accounted for. This study examines if the achievement of the pupils (grades, tests) has any correlation with their linguistic ability (Swedish, Finnish). 354 pupils (in grade 4) in the districts of Haparanda, Övertorneå and Pajala took part. The report begins with a survey of previous research in this field, especially concerning correlations between different measures of achievement and different types of linguistic factors (monolingualism and different types of bi IinguaIi sm).Based on earlier testings the pupils were divided into three groups: pupils with active knowledge of Finnish;.pupils with only passive knowledge of Finnish and pupils without any knowledge of Finnish at all. The first group mentioned above was furthermore divided according to their abilities in the two languages. The differences between the groups as regards the measures of achievement used here were small or insignificant, especially if social class was taken into account. There is, however, a correlation between measures of achievement and knowledge of Swedish. The conclusion is that many factors apart from purely linguistic ones are of importance in this context, and possible differences that exist between the groups cannot be displayed in simple measures of achievement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 1980. , 22 p.
Series
Pedagogiska rapporter Umeå, ISSN 0348-9388 ; 83
Keyword [sv]
Meänkieli, Tvåspråkighet Sverige Norrbotten, Tornedalen
National Category
Pedagogy Specific Languages
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-67740OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-67740DiVA: diva2:613549
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2013-03-28 Created: 2013-03-28 Last updated: 2013-04-18Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Tvåspråkighet i Tornedalen: sammanfattning och diskussion
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tvåspråkighet i Tornedalen: sammanfattning och diskussion
1980 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
Bilingualism in Tornedalen : summary and discussion
Abstract [en]

This report is a summary and a discussion of a research project on bilingualism in Tornedalen. Within the project "Education in sparsely populated areas", financed by the National Board of Education, a number of studies were carried out aiming at giving a description of the present linguistic situation (Swedish/Finnish) of the pupils in the comprehensive school. Another aim was to see if there was any correlation between school achievement and the linguistic abilities of the pupils (Swedish-Finnish) . In this connection the intention was also to develop methods of measurement and to construct tests. The basis of the work was a model originally developed by Spolsky (1974) and had in a broad sense a "sociology of language" approach. The population consisted of all the 354 pupils in grade 4 in the district of Haparanda, Övertorneå and Paj ala. The gathering of data in which combination of different methods such as interviews, observations and testings were used, took place at the turn of the year 1975/76. The results have been published in six reports (nr 78-83) in the series of reports of the Department of Education, Pedagogiska rapporter, Umeå (in Swedish). In this summary the main results are accounted for concerning the pupil's use of language and linguistic knowledge as well as results and marks. The results show that the use of the Finnish language is almost restricted to the home environment. As for the knowledge of Finnish it can be noted that about 40 per cent have active abilities and the rest of the pupils are purely Swedish speaking. The difference between the mentioned groups as regards the other measurements of achievement used were small or insignificant especially if the social background of the pupils was taken into consideration. The main conclusion was that the Finnish language in Tornedalen is decreasing and that in one or two generations probably all the area will be Swedish speaking. The consequences of this are discussed,and the importance of school and education is also dealt with. Suggestions for further research are given such as longitudinal and iterated cross-sectional studies and comparative studies in other bilingual areas. Studies about attitudes to the languages in Tornedalen are suggested as well as intensified work on the developing of methods in bilingual research. Finnally further investigations on the covariation between different factors and school achievement are recommended.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 1980. 73 p.
Series
Akademiska avhandlingar vid Pedagogiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, ISSN 0281-6768 ; 13
Keyword
Bilingualism, bilingual pupils, language use, linguistic ability, oral production, sociology of language, Tornedalen
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-16610 (URN)91-7174-057-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
1980-12-04, Humanisthuset hörsal G, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:15
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2007-10-07 Created: 2007-10-07 Last updated: 2013-04-18Bibliographically approved

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