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Effekter på balansförmågan av träning med Nintendo Wii Fit: En experimentell single-casestudie
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Fall hos äldre är vanligt förekommande. Regelbunden balansträning krävs för att bibehålla och förbättra balansförmågan. En persons self-efficacy och utfallsförväntningar spelar roll för om träningen blir av eller inte då många äldre inte tränar på grund av att de inte tror sig få ut något av det. Nintendo Wii Fit är ett modernt sätt att träna balansförmågan på.

Syfte: Syftet var att undersöka om Nintendo Wii Fit har effekt på balansförmågan, self-efficacy till balansförmågan i hemmet, utfallsförväntningar på balansförmågan av balansträningen samt fallrelaterad self-efficacy hos tre hemmaboende personer över 70 år under och efter tre veckor interventionsperiod.

Metod: Experimentell single-case design A-B-A2 användes. Interventionen bestod av balansträning med Nintendo Wii Fit tre gånger i veckan under tre veckor. Kontinuerliga skattningar av personernas self-efficacy till balansförmågan och utfallsförväntningar för balansträning pågick genom A-B-A2. Andra variabler som utvärderades var balansförmåga (Bergs balansskala) och fallrelaterad self-efficacy (FES(S)).

Resultat: Resultatet visade tendenser på att balansträning med Nintendo Wii Fit hade en positiv påverkan balansförmågan, fallrelaterad self-efficacy, self-efficacy för balansförmågan i hemmet samt utfallsförväntningar på balansförmågan av balansträningen.

Slutsats: Mer forskning inom området behövs innan några säkra slutsatser om effekten på balansförmågan av Nintendo Wii Fit på individnivå kan göras.

Abstract [en]

Background: Elderly people relatively often fall. Regular balance training is required to maintain and improve balance ability. A person's self-efficacy and outcome expectations may affect whether he or she perform the exercises or not. Many older persons do not exercise because of lack of confidence. Nintendo Wii Fit can be a modern way to increase confidence and balance ability.

Objective: The objective was to investigate whether the Nintendo Wii Fit has an effect on the balance ability, the person's self-efficacy in their balance ability in a home environment, a person's outcome expectations of balance ability from balance training with the Nintendo Wii Fit and fall-related self-efficacy of three individuals ages over 70 years at their homes. The study was conducted during and after a three-week long intervention period.

Method: An experimental single-case design A-B-A2 was used. The intervention included balance training with Nintendo Wii Fit three times a week over a three-week long period. Continuous monitoring of the participants self-efficacy in balance ability and outcome expectations of the balance training was performed at all phases. Other evaluated variables were balance (Berg balance scale) and fall-related self-efficacy (FES (S)).

Results: The results shows tendencies that balance training with Nintendo Wii Fit has a positive effect for the three participants regarding balance ability, fall-related self-efficacy, self-efficacy for balance ability in the home and outcome expectations of balance ability by balance training.

Conclusion: More research is needed in this area before any firm conclusions about the effect on individual level regarding balance ability by balance training with the Nintendo Wii Fit can be made.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 31 p.
Keyword [en]
balance, elderly, Nintendo Wii Fit, outcome expectations, self-efficacy
Keyword [sv]
balansförmåga, Nintendo Wii Fit, self-efficacy, utfallsförväntningar, äldre
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-18692OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-18692DiVA: diva2:613539
Subject / course
Physiotherapy
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-04-18 Created: 2013-03-28 Last updated: 2013-04-18Bibliographically approved

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