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Climate change adaptation processes: Regional and sectoral stakeholder perspectives
Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)Alternative title
Anpassningsprocesser inför klimatförändringar : Regionala och sektoriella intressentperspektiv (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

This thesis analyses how societal adaptation processes in public and private sectors at the regional to local level in Sweden are enacted. The thesis pays particular attention to critical factors that constrain or enable adaptation by focussing on: who are the stakeholders, how do different stakeholders perceive their capacity to adapt, and the role of stakeholder interaction in facilitating adaptation processes A combination of two analytical perspectives is used where one is based on key concepts within adaptation literature, and the other draws on boundary crossing and transdisciplinary knowledge production (stakeholders, adaptive capacity, and science-based stakeholder dialogues). The study is conducted within the scope of two overall case studies of local adaptation processes within an urban region, and a land-use based sector, the private forestry sector. The cases are setting the scene for the collection of empirical material which is achieved through qualitative methods, primarily focus groups discussions with local and regional, public and private stakeholders with an interest in, and responsibility for adaptation. The focus groups meetings are organized as a series of meetings to which different participatory techniques are applied. The study also builds on a comprehensive stakeholder mapping. First, the results suggest a systematic method for identifying stakeholders in adaptation research, policy, and planning applicable in both sectors and regions that combines top-down knowledge with experience and knowledge based on bottom-up processes. Second, the analysis of perceived adaptive capacities reveal several facilitating and constraining factors that relates both to the characteristics of climate risks, experience of climate variability and extreme weather events, and responsibility- and decision-making structures. Third, the analysis of the interaction between local experts and scientists show that there is potential for the boundary spanning function of science-based stakeholder dialogues in facilitating adaptation through stimulating questions and sharing different knowledge bases and experiences among the participants. However further attention needs to be taken to the institutional environment and the role of so called anchoring devices that help local experts to contextualise, discus and thus anchor scientific knowledge in their own decision-making context. In conclusion, there are both commonalities between adaptation processes in the two case studies and some marked differences, e.g., regarding the concept of adaptation, what type of adaptation actions that are identified, the perceived opportunities for adaptation and degree of complexity.

Abstract [sv]

Denna avhandling analyserar hur klimatanpassningsprocesser inom privata och offentliga sektorer på regional till lokal nivå i Sverige initieras, utvecklas och genomförs. Avhandlingen ägnar särskild uppmärksamhet åt identifiering av vilka intressenter (”stakeholders”) som är involverade i att underlätta och genomföra anpassning, uppfattningar om anpassningsförmåga samt vilken roll interaktion mellan olika intressenter kan ha för att underlätta anpassning. En kombination av två analytiska perspektiv används som bygger på tidigare forskning om klimatanpassningsprocesser samt transdisciplinär kunskapsproduktion. Studien genomförs inom ramen för två övergripande fallstudier av anpassningsprocesser i en urban region samt den privata skogssektorn. Fallstudierna utgör grunden för insamlingen av det empiriska materialet som bygger på kvalitativa metoder. Den främsta metoden är fokusgruppsdiskussioner med lokala och regionala, privata och offentliga aktörer med intresse av, eller ansvar för klimatanpassning. Fokusgrupperna organiseras som en serie möten där olika deltagandetekniker tillämpas. Studien bygger också på en omfattande intressentkartläggning. I avhandlingen utvecklas och ges förslag på en stegvis metod för att identifiera intressenter för anpassningsprocesser som kan användas inom forskning och praktik. Studien analyserar också hur olika intressentgrupper upplever förmågan att hantera klimatförändringar. Ett antal möjliggörande och begränsande faktorer identifieras så som karaktären på de upplevda klimatriskerna, erfarenhet av klimatvariationer och extrema väderhändelser, samt ansvar- och beslutsstrukturer. Slutligen, analyseras om och i så fall hur interaktionen mellan lokala experter och forskare som deltar i intressantdialoger (”science-based stakeholder dialogues”) kan underlätta anpassning. Resultaten visar att det finns potential genom att deltagarna ges möjlighet att ställa frågor tillvarandra och dela med sig av sina olika kunskapsbaser och erfarenheter, samt utforska olika anpassningsalternativ. Däremot behövs vidare studier för att undersöka betydelsen av det institutionella sammanhanget samt hur olika verktyg (”anchoring devices”) kan bidra när det gäller att förankra och omsätta kunskap om klimatförändringar i olika beslutskontexter. Avslutningsvis visar denna studie på att det finns både likheter och skillnader i hur anpassningsprocesser kommer till uttryck bland de olika aktörsgrupperna inom fallstudierna, t.ex. när det gäller hur begreppet anpassning används, vilken typ av anpassning som identifieras, upplevda möjligheter för anpassning samt graden av komplexitet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2013. , 102 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Arts and Science, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 579
Keyword [en]
Adaptation processes, adaptive capacity, climate change, forestry, participatory methods, perceptions, private and public organizations, risks, roles, stakeholder dialogues, stakeholders, Sweden, transdisciplinarity, urban regions
Keyword [sv]
Anpassningskapacitet, anpassningsprocesser, deltagandemetoder, intressenter, intressentdialoger, klimatförändringar, privata och offentliga organisationer, risker, roller, skogsbruk, Sverige, transdisciplinaritet, uppfattningar, urbana regioner
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-90500ISBN: 978-91-7519-636-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-90500DiVA: diva2:613535
Public defence
2013-04-26, K3, Kåkenhus, Campus Norrköping, Linköpings universitet, Norrköping, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental ResearchFormas, 2006-4871-7662-55
Available from: 2013-03-28 Created: 2013-03-28 Last updated: 2013-03-28Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Method development for identifying and analysing stakeholders in climate change adaptation processes
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Method development for identifying and analysing stakeholders in climate change adaptation processes
2012 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, ISSN 1523-908X, E-ISSN 1522-7200, Vol. 14, no 3, 243-261 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It is now widely recognized that stakeholder interaction and dialogue is essential to improve decisions about and awareness of climate change. The term ‘stakeholder’ is broad and researchers and practitioners may have interrelated and contrasting views on who is a stakeholder or who is (or should be) responsible for adaptation to climate change. To engage stakeholders in research or other projects on adaptation thus requires a careful mapping of the stakeholder landscape and identification of relevant actors at different levels. Through a case study approach, based on studies of two Swedish urban regions, Stockholm and Gothenburg, this paper proposes a systematic method to analyse and identify roles and responsibilities in the stakeholder landscape. The initial mapping exercise was complemented by participatory studies of local and regional stakeholders’ perceptions of who is, or should be, involved in adaptation and their significance for climate change adaptation in the respective regions. The results indicate the value of careful stakeholder analysis for sustainable, effective, planned adaptation that is flexible, but also systematic enough to fulfil practical and scientific requirements for the study and advancement of ongoing adaptation processes and implementation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2012
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-80623 (URN)10.1080/1523908X.2012.702562 (DOI)000307926400002 ()
Available from: 2012-08-30 Created: 2012-08-28 Last updated: 2017-12-07
2. Perceptions of Risk and Limits to Climate Change Adaptation: Case Studies of Two Swedish Urban Regions
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perceptions of Risk and Limits to Climate Change Adaptation: Case Studies of Two Swedish Urban Regions
Show others...
2011 (English)In: Climate Change Adaptation in Developed Nations: From Theory to Practice / [ed] James D. Ford and Lea Berrang-Ford, Springer , 2011, 321-334 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

It is now widely accepted that adaptation will be necessary if we are to manage the risks posed by climate change. What we know about adaptation, however, is limited. While there is a well established body of scholarship proposing assessment approaches and explaining concepts, few studies have examined if and how adaptation is taking place at a national or regional level. This deficit in understanding is particularly pronounced in developed nations which have typically been assumed to have a low vulnerability to climate change. Yet as recent research highlights, this assumption is misplaced: developed nations are experiencing the most pronounced changes in climatic conditions globally and have significant pockets of vulnerability. Chapters in this book profile cases from different sectors in developed nations where specific adaptation measures have been identified, implemented, and evaluated. The contributions provide practical advice and guidance that can help guide adaptation planning in multiple contexts, identifying transferable lessons. It is a comprehensive and timely piece of work on an emerging body of literature that is critical for both academics and policy makers to be aware of and learn from in regards to the importance of adaptation and adaptation needs associated with climate change and variability. It is a strong step forward in bringing together this literature and thinking in one collective piece of writing. Chris Furgal, Trent University, Canada Lead Author IPCC 4th Assessment Report This volume is ambitious in scope and distinctive in focus. It is not about climate change science or mitigation or impacts... but focuses clearly on the processes of adaptation. This volume represents a valuable compilation of ideas, methods and applications dealing with adaptation to climate change in developed nations. Barry Smit, University of Guelph, Canada Canada Research Chair in Global Environmental Change This book provides key insights from leading scholars who are addressing an important but neglected question: How easy is it to adapt to climate change in practice? Focusing on evidence from developed countries, the contributions provide reasons for both optimism and concern, and lessons that are critical for anyone interested in climate change policy and a sustainable future. Karen O Brien, University of Oslo, Norway Chair of Global Environmental Change and Human Security

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2011
Series
Advances in Global Change Research, ISSN 1574-0919 ; 42
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71055 (URN)10.1007/978-94-007-0567-8 23. (DOI)9400705662 (ISBN)
Available from: 2011-10-14 Created: 2011-09-29 Last updated: 2016-06-15Bibliographically approved
3. Stakeholder perceptions of adaptation space: The relevance of directexperience and perceived ability to adapt to climate change in Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stakeholder perceptions of adaptation space: The relevance of directexperience and perceived ability to adapt to climate change in Sweden
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper analyses perceptions of adaptation space in Swedish forestry and the potential for developing and implementing climate adaptation processes. The empirical material of this study builds on participatory methods and focus group discussions with private forest owners and forest officials in two forest intensive regions in Sweden. This allowed for a qualitative analysis of the many aspects of adaptation processes, with adaptation space as the main analytical framework to understand the capacity for climate adaptation on levels other than the national average, departing from actor’s perceptions rather than statistics and indices. We discuss if and how exposure to extreme weather events and variability in the past, and the prospect of future climate change and extremes, translates into adaptation action, and examine the role of perceived ability to adapt to the multiple effects of climate change.

Keyword
Adaptation space, adaptive capacity, awareness, climate change, concern, forestry sector, perceptions, risk management, Sweden
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-90498 (URN)
Available from: 2013-03-28 Created: 2013-03-28 Last updated: 2013-03-28Bibliographically approved
4. Science-practice interactions regarding climate adaptation in two Swedish contexts: Municipal planning and forestry
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Science-practice interactions regarding climate adaptation in two Swedish contexts: Municipal planning and forestry
2015 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, Vol. 58, no 2, 297-314 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper examines the science-practice interface in the complex issue of adapting society to climate change. Through analyses of science-based stakeholder dialogues with climate scientists, municipal officers and private individual forest owners in Sweden, this paper looks at how local experts in the forestry and municipal planning sectors share and integrate scientific knowledge and experience into their work strategies and practices. The results demonstrate how local experts jointly conceptualize climate adaptation, how scientific knowledge is domesticated among local experts in dialogue with scientific experts, the emergence of anchoring devices and, in a more general way, the boundary spanning functions that are at work in the respective sectors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2015
Keyword
Anchoring devices, boundary organisations, climate adaptation, domestication, forestry sector, municipal planning, science-based stakeholder dialogues
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-90499 (URN)10.1080/09640568.2013.854717 (DOI)000345569000007 ()
Available from: 2013-03-28 Created: 2013-03-28 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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