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Allmännsjuksköterskans palliativa omvårdnadsarbete med cancersjuka patienter: En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva allmänsjuksköterskans palliativa omvårdnadsarbete med cancersjuka patienter. Metod: Deskriptiv litteraturstudie baserad på 15 artiklar som sökts i databaserna PubMed och Cinahl. Analysen identifierade fyra huvudkategorier som ligger till grund för resultatet. Huvudresultat: Att arbeta med palliativ vård är ett arbete som sjuksköterskor anser påverkar patienter inom flera olika aspekter, både fysiskt, psykiskt, socialt och andligt. Ett sätt som sjuksköterskan kan hjälpa patienten är att informera och utbilda patienter vilket har visat ge en viss lindring hos patientens symtom. Sjuksköterskan har även en viktig roll i att koordinera omvårdnadsarbetet och framförallt se till att patienten har det så bra som omständigheterna tillåter. Stöd av erfarna kollegor ansågs vara ett bra hjälpmedel och sambandet mellan erfarenhet och trygghet i yrkesrollen bidrog till en trygghet som förs vidare till patienten. Slutsats: De viktigaste perspektiven som framkom inom palliativ vård var fysiskt, psykiskt och socialt. Det andliga perspektivet skiljer sig dock från olika kulturer och behöver studeras mer i Sverige för att kunna tillämpa riktlinjer och arbetssätt. Det framkom även att utbildning behövs för att känna sig trygg i sin arbetsroll när sjuksköterskor arbetar med döende människor som vårdas palliativt.

Abstract [en]

Aim: The aim of this study was describe nurses’ palliative care with patients who suffer from cancer. Method: Descriptive study based on 15 articles sought in the databases PubMed and Cinahl. The analysis identified four main categories underpinning for the results. Main result: Working with palliative care is a task that nurses believe affects patients in various aspects, physically, mentally, socially and spiritually. One way that the nurse can help the patients is to inform and educate them, which has been shown to give some relief of the patient's symptoms. The nurse also has an important role in coordinating nursing care and, above all, to ensure that the patient is as comfortable as circumstances permit. The support of experienced colleagues was considered a great tool and the relationship between experience and confidence in the professional role led to a security that is passed on to the patient. Conclusion: Within palliative care it is revealed that the strongest perspectives were physically, mentally and socially. The spiritual perspective differs from different cultures and needs to be studied more in Sweden to be able to apply guidelines and procedures. It also emerged that education is needed to feel secure in the role as a nurse when working with dying people who are cared for palliative

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 22 p.
Keyword [en]
Cancer, Neoplasms, Palliative Care, Nursing
Keyword [sv]
Cancer, Neoplasm, Palliativ vård, Omvårdnad
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-14013Archive number: SSKHk10- 04OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-14013DiVA: diva2:613395
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-04-08 Created: 2013-03-27 Last updated: 2013-04-08Bibliographically approved

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Examensarbete Montserrat & Ström(508 kB)222 downloads
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