Payment for Environmental Services - A tool for forest conservation and empowerment of the local people in the State of Amazonas, Brazil?: A case study of Programa Bolsa Floresta
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
This thesis is a result of a research conducted during three months in four State Protected Conservation Units in the State of Amazonas in Brazil. The world‟s largest PES-program - Programa Bolsa Floresta, will serve as case study. The aim of the study is to identify the socio-environmental conditions under which the program is implemented and, to study if the program architecture is in coherence with the livelihood needs of the target group-, and the needs to protect the rain forest. The target group of the program are the river dwellers, “ribeirinhos”, living in extremely isolated areas being excluded from the public safety net of the Brazilian Government.A basic understanding of the livelihood situation was achieved through the use of systematic collection of empirical data. A combination of qualitative semi-structured interviews, quantitative literature reviews and triangulation of data compose the methodological base of the study. The holistic and human centered theoretical framework of Carney‟s Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA) laid the theoretical base of the study.Based upon the baseline study made over the local conditions and the context description this study recognizes that the programs architecture is coherent with the most basic needs of the ribeirinhos as well as the need to protect the forest. Due to the programs few years in execution it is hard to determine long-term impacts of the program at this stage. However, even being in an early stage, the program seems to be a potential key mechanism to build the foundation for future sustainable development in the region. The object of the program is to put value on the Environmental Services (ES) provided by the locals and by doing so, compensate them for their loss of capital. The program is designed holistically, i.e. its components include all five capital assets of the SLA framework. The payments given as compensations aim to advocate participatory, social organizational, educative, and self-reliance promoting methods, such as incentives to an alternative income, construction of schools, improved infrastructure, investments in water filters, means for communication, health programs in schools and ambulance boats.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 91 p.
Payment for Environmental Services, Sustainable Forestry, Human Capital Accumulation, Sustainable Livelihood Approach, State of Amazonas, Brazil, Peace and Developmnet Studies, Livelihood Needs
Programa Bolsa Floresta
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-24864OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-24864DiVA: diva2:612538
Subject / course
Peace and development
International Social Sciences Programme, specialization Global Studies, 180 credits
UppsokSocial and Behavioural Science, Law
Nilsson, Anders, Lektor
Nilsson, Manuela, Lektor