Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
4. Air pollution and damages to cultural heritage in cities: The decay of the cultural heritage in Krakow
Krakow Pedagogical University.
2003 (English)In: Urban Environmental Management: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, 42-53 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

Air pollution is both detrimental for human health and cause corrosion and other deterioration of materials. A detailed study of the effects of air pollution on the stone cultural monuments in Krakow showed the damages to be far reaching and serious. Krakow is badly hit by air pollution both due to an extensive use of coal for combustion in individual homes and power plants, as well as its unfavourable geographical situation. The sculptures studied were made of Libaiz dolomite, Upper Jurassic limestone, Pinczow limestone and Carpathian flysch sandstone, used in the Wawel castle and the Church of Saints Peter and Paul. Excessive weathering was caused by wet and dry deposition of sulphur and nitrogen oxides, causing formation of gypsum crystals, soot and dust, metal impurities and microbal activities. The mechanisms of pollution-caused weathering were studied by electron microscopy and chemical analysis. The destroyed or badly miscoloured sculptures, have either been replaced by copies, or restored. Costs for restoration work have so far exceeded 40 M PLN.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1. 42-53 p.
Series
Superbs Case Studies, 4
National Category
Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology Arts
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-197105ISBN: 91-970017-5-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-197105DiVA: diva2:611974
Available from: 2013-03-19 Created: 2013-03-18 Last updated: 2013-03-19Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Superbs 4-4(15291 kB)123 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 15291 kBChecksum SHA-512
1c5720aca375eff573c89f6ab6ed6ab159f8b47483c7962e1eac45359d0ccf12ecc34a5aa658884cac74143bc409401f0daa1d66a105097cc54eaaad6cf029bd
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Environmental Analysis and Construction Information TechnologyArts

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 123 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 542 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf