The effects of muscle damaging electrically stimulated contractions and ibuprofen on muscle regeneration and telomere lengths in healthy sedentary males
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
Introduction: The effect of electrical stimulation on muscle degeneration and regeneration is largely unknown and it has not been studied in conjunction with telomeres. The consumption of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is widespread in athletes and the general population when faced with muscle soreness or injury. Furthermore, the effect of NSAIDs on muscle regeneration is controversial and its effect on telomere lengths is also unknown. Methods: Young adult males performed 200 electrically stimulated maximal isokinetic contractions with one leg (ES) and the other worked as a control (CON). They received either 1200mg ibuprofen (IBU) per day or placebo (PLA) from 21 days pre- to 30 days post-exercise. Muscle biopsies were obtained from the vastus lateralis of the CON leg at baseline (H0) and ES leg at 2.5h (H2.5) and both legs at 2, 7 and 30 days post-exercise. Blood samples were obtained at the same time points and at day 4 post-exercise. Afterwards the muscle and blood specimen were analysed for skeletal muscle and peripheral blood telomere lengths by Southern blot and signs of muscle degeneration and regeneration were quantified histologically. Results: Histological changes occurred in the ES leg, including; increased proportion of damaged myofibres (2.1±2.8%) and infiltrated myofibres (5.0±6.0%) at day 7, small myofibres (3.0±4.4%) and internally located myonuclei (2.9±3.1%) at day 30. The IBU group had significantly less internally located myonuclei at day 30 compared to PLA (1.7±2.4% vs. 4.1±3.8%). No significant differences were observed in skeletal muscle mean and minimum telomere lengths between ES and CON leg, between IBU and PLA group or between time points. Peripheral blood mean telomere lengths were not significantly different between IBU and PLA group, but between time points; H0 (9.6±1.2kb) and H2.5 (9.1±1.1kb) were significantly shorter than day 4 (10.3±1.6kb) and day 7 (10.1±1.5kb) (P<0.05). Conclusion: Electrically stimulated contractions caused significant muscle degeneration and regeneration in the 30 days post-exercise. Electrical stimulation also appeared to cause fluctuations in peripheral blood telomere lengths, but not skeletal muscle telomeres. The intake of ibuprofen appeared to interfere with muscle regeneration, but did not seem to affect the peripheral blood or skeletal muscle telomeres. However, due to marked individual variations and the small participant group it is difficult to conclude on the effects of electrical stimulation and ibuprofen on proliferative potential. Further studies are warranted to elucidate the effects of electrical stimulation and ibuprofen on blood and skeletal muscle telomeres.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 26 p.
telomeres, NSAIDs, muscle regeneration, muscle damage, electrical stimulation
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-27906ISRN: ORU-HAK/IDR-AS-2011/0004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-27906DiVA: diva2:610756
Subject / course
Ponsot, Elodie, Doktor
Kadi, Fawzi, Professor