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Att mäta vårdpersonals kunskap om afasi: Framtagande av items till bedömningsinstrument
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Logopedi. (Logopedi)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Logopedi. (Logopedi)
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

För att språket ska fungera normalt krävs ett samspel mellan uttrycksförmåga och förståelse av språk. Afasi är en språkstörning som kommer sig av en skada i de delar av hjärnan som påverkar språket. Att få afasi kan innebära en stor omställning i livet och ofta uppstår ett behov av anpassning av kommunikationen både för personen som fått afasi och personer i dess omgivning. Detta inkluderar även den vårdpersonal som arbetar nära personen med afasi. För att nå förståelse och kunna ge vård och omsorg av god kvalitet, måste tillräcklig kunskap om afasi finnas hos vårdpersonalen. Tidigare forskning visar att det finns brister hos vårdpersonal i deras kunskap om afasi. Utifrån detta kan det anses viktigt att kunna mäta vårdpersonals kunskap om afasi. Denna studies syfte har varit att ta fram relevanta frågor (items) som kan mäta kunskapsnivån hos vårdpersonal. För att besvara frågeställningarna användes kvalitativ metod för materialinsamling. För att samla erfarenheter av hur vårdpersonalens kunskap om afasi upplevs vara idag, genomfördes intervjuer med tre separata grupper: fem personer med afasi, fem anhöriga till personer med afasi och tre logopeder med erfarenhet av arbete med personer med afasi. Intervjuerna analyserades med hjälp av kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultatet visade att informanternas erfarenheter var att det hos vårdpersonal existerar kunskapsbrister om afasi, varför studien ansågs vara motiverad. Utifrån det analyserade materialet togs 32 items fram, med syfte att mäta vårdpersonals kunskap om afasi. Som alltid vid kvalitativ forskning finns det risker att olika faktorer, exempelvis forskarnas förförståelse, påverkar informanterna. Största möjliga hänsyn har tagits till detta. Framtida nytta med studien är att de framtagna items kan användas i ett bedömningsinstrument för att mäta vårdpersonals kunskap om afasi. Därmed ges nya möjligheter att kvalitetssäkra vård av personer med afasi, att motivera utbildning för vårdpersonal och att exempelvis mäta vårdpersonals kunskap i relation till rehabilitering.

 

Nyckelord: afasi, kunskap, vårdpersonal, items, bedömningsinstrument, kommunikation

Abstract [en]

In order for the language to function normally, the expression- and comprehension of language must work together. Aphasia is a language impairment caused by damage to the language areas of the brain. Getting aphasia can mean a big change in life and often requires adaptation regarding communication both for the person with aphasia and the persons around them. Adaptation regarding communication also includes healthcare staff working close to the person with aphasia. In order to reach understanding and to give care of good quality, knowledge about aphasia is necessary.  Previous research shows that health care staff lacks efficient understanding about aphasia. Considering that, a tool for measuring knowledge about aphasia would be desirable. This study's aim has been to produce questions (items) which can measure the level of knowledge in healthcare personnel. Qualitative research method was used in order to find material for the production of items. In order to gather experiences of how the health care staff's understanding of  aphasia are experienced by interested people today, interviews with three separate groups were performed: five persons with aphasia, five relatives to persons with aphasia and three speech and language pathologists with experience of working with persons with aphasia. The interviews were analyzed through qualitative content analysis. The result showed that all the participants' had various experiences of knowledge deficiencies regarding aphasia within the healthcare staff. The analyzed material resulted in 32 items, with the purpose of measuring the understanding of aphasia in healthcare staff. Since the material indicated that a deficiency in knowledge of aphasia exists in healthcare staff, the study was considered to be justified. Within qualitative research method, there are always risks that different elements, for example the researcher´s viewpoint, can affect the participants. Maximum consideration regarding this issue has been considered. Future benefits of this study could be an assessment instrument containing the items produced in this study. The purpose of an assessment instrument could be to measure health care staff´s knowledge about aphasia. Thereby, new opportunities are given to assure the quality of care for persons with aphasia, to justify education for healthcare staff and to evaluate the health care staff´s understanding in relation to the results of rehabilitation.

 

Keywords: aphasia, knowledge, understanding, healthcare staff, items, assessment instruments, communication, healthcare personnel

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 37 p.
Series
Examensarbete i logopedi, 079
Keyword [en]
aphasia, knowledge, understanding, healthcare staff, items, assessment instruments, communication, healthcare personnel
Keyword [sv]
afasi, kunskap, vårdpersonal, items, bedömningsinstrument, kommunikation
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-196665DOI: 079OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-196665DiVA: diva2:610704
Subject / course
Speech and Language Pathology
Educational program
Degree of Master of Science in Speech and Language Pathology
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-03-13 Created: 2013-03-12 Last updated: 2013-03-13Bibliographically approved

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