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Sjuksköterskors inställning till eutanasi: En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva sjuksköterskors inställning till eutanasi.

Metoden var en beskrivande litteraturstudie. Av 220 artiklar valdes 14 artiklar med kvalitativ eller kvantitativ ansats.

Resultatet visade att eutanasi är en komplex fråga där olika etiska och moraliska aspekter spelar in. Sjuksköterskorna ansåg att eutanasi kunde vara etiskt försvarbart för värnandet av patientens autonomi, vid svår obotlig sjukdom, om alla andra behandlingsmetoder blivit uttömda samt om patienten själv tog upp förfrågan om eutanasi. Argument emot eutanasi var att sjuksköterskan har en livsbevarande roll, att risk för missbruk av eutanasi kan förekomma samt religiösa skäl. Yngre deltagare och de med lägre utbildning var mer positiva till eutanasi medan äldre sjuksköterskor och de med högre utbildning hade en mer negativ inställning. Inställningen till eutanasi skilde sig beroende på vart sjuksköterskorna arbetade t.ex. vid intensivvårds-, palliativ- eller pediatrisk vårdavdelning. De som arbetade inom pediatrisk och palliativ vård var i högre omfattning emot mot eutanasi. Sjuksköterskor som uppgavs sig vara religiösa var mer negativt inställda till eutanasi och till legalisering av eutanasi. I länder där eutanasi är legaliserat pågår diskussioner om sjuksköterskans roll inom eutanasivården och dess beslutsprocess.

Slutsatsen är att frågor kring eutanasi är viktigt att undersöka, inte bara allmänhetens inställning utan även olika professioners reflektioner. Debatten kring eutanasi kommer att fortgå.

 

Nyckelord: eutanasi, sjuksköterskors inställningar, palliativ vård, beslut i livets slutskede

Abstract [en]

Abstract

The aim of this literature review was to describe nurse’s attitudes towards euthanasia.

The method used was a descriptive design. Of the 220 hits, 14 was chosen by CINAHL and PubMed (MedLine) and then analyzed. Both qualitative and quantitative aspects were included.

The results showed that euthanasia is a complex issue where many ethical and moral aspects come in to play. The nurses felt that euthanasia was ethically acceptable for safeguarding patient autonomy, but also when patients’ suffered from incurable disease and severe pain therefore requested euthanasia. Arguments against euthanasia where directed towards the nurse’s role as lifesaver and preserver of life, the risk of misuse and religious beliefs. The study showed that younger nurses and those with lower formal education where more prone to the use of euthanasia than elderly nurses and those with higher education. Attitudes toward euthanasia differed depending on what type of ward the nurses worked in, for example at intensive care units, palliative care or pediatrics. Those who work in pediatric wards or with palliative care are those who more often oppose the use of euthanasia. Nurses who described themselves as religious often argued against the use of euthanasia and its legislation. In countries where euthanasia is legal there is an ongoing debate about nurses’ role in euthanasia and in its decision processing.

The conclusion is that questions regarding euthanasia are important to investigate, not only by exploring the public’s attitudes but also by exploring the reflections of professionals. The debates will continue regarding euthanasia.

 Keywords: Euthanasia, nurses’ attitudes, palliative care, end of life decisions

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 31 p.
Keyword [en]
Euthanasia, nurses’ attitudes, palliative care, end of life decisions
Keyword [sv]
eutanasi, sjuksköterskors inställningar, palliativ vård, beslut i livets slutskede
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-13934Archive number: SSKVk10- 31OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-13934DiVA: diva2:610292
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-03-14 Created: 2013-03-10 Last updated: 2013-03-14Bibliographically approved

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