To achieve a sustainable development, three aspects have to take equal place in the society; environmental, economical and social. To reduce the impact on the environment and the amount of greenhouse gases supplied to the atmosphere, industrialized countries and less developed countries must start cooperating. Also the use of renewable energy sources, like solar, hydro and wind power, have to increase.
Wind power has great potential as a future energy supply. It is cost efficient, quickly developed and the resource is abundant and available worldwide.
Examinations made in Sweden, indicates that there are difficulties establishing wind power at the same pace as the environmental goals, set by the Swedish government, requires. Mainly because people living nearby potential areas for wind power farms, appeal against the decision.
This study aims to investigate differences between how people in Sweden and Brazil look at wind power as a future energy source and at the establishing process. It is divided in two parts, a Swedish literature study and a Brazilian study based on interviews with both local and governmental authorities and with people living nearby the wind power farm Osório.
The Swedish study shows that the majority of people living nearby wind power farms are positive to wind power as a future energy source. The challenges lies in the establishing process because of fear of the consequences to the surrounding areas. The main concerns are:
Changes in landscape
Results from the Brazilian study indicate that 96 percent of the people living close to Osório were positive to wind power as a future energy source. 52 percent thought that the possibilities to be involved in the establishing process had been insufficient and that they were given to little opportunity to express their opinion. They did not experience any interference from the wind power farm and they thought that the landscape gave a clean impression.
This study can be used to gain a more efficient expansion of wind power by an improvement of
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