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RECIRCULATION OF BIOGAS RESIDUE TO AGRICULTURAL LAND IN NAMIBIA– RISKS AND POTENTIALS IN FULL UTILIZATION OF ORGANIC WASTE
Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology. Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering. (ACWA/FUTURE ENERGY)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3311-9465
Desert Research Foundation of Namibia. (ACWA/FUTURE ENERGY)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2189-0105
Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology. Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering. (ACWA/FUTURE ENERGY)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5480-0167
2011 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The current situation of waste disposal in Namibia is under developed. The country has a large meat and dairy industry as well as some breweries and wineries and today, none of the organic wastes are reused, recycled or utilized for energy utilization. Little has been done in order to collect and utilize the resources in the organic waste from these industries but there is currently some early stage projects in planning related to biogas production from organic wastes. This study aims at evaluating the potential for some three planned biogas projects in Namibia at early stage, especially regarding the management of the biogas residue. In this processes, a first screening of the potential biogas substrate in the southern part of Namibia (south of Windhoek) was conducted. Moreover, the paper aims to point out the potentials in using organic waste for biogas production and thereafter recycling the nutrient rich residue to the farmland of Namibia. The risks in such utilization will be touched upon, such as the toxic effects of the alkali rich liquid phase or the NO2-emissions. Of which the first can be considered a risk but also a potential if the alkali residue partly can replace the use of pesticide. We conclude that the availability of substrates, i.e. organic wastes, is sufficient for supplying one or several biogas plants to the area. According to our conclusions, fertilization with biogas residue should be promoted in Namibia as an alternative to the current fertilization. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Energy- and Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-18293OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-18293DiVA: diva2:608352
Conference
14th International waste management and landfill symposium, Sardinia, Italy, September 2011
Available from: 2013-02-27 Created: 2013-02-27 Last updated: 2014-01-07Bibliographically approved

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Nehrenheim, EmmaKlintenberg, PatrikOdlare, Monica
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