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Solid waste management and health effects: A qualitative study on awareness of risks and environmentally significant behavior in Mutomo, Kenya
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This report investigates possible health effects due to improper disposal of waste and the awareness within a community. The aim was also to investigate what is needed for a pro-environmental behavior in a rural area (Mutomo) within a developing country (Kenya). Waste management in developing countries has been and still remains a challenge, waste is left in nature and this has the potential for negative health effects on people and animals as well as degrading land and aquatic ecosystems. The used method was qualitative and for data collection in-depth interviews were conducted with help of an interpreter, interviewing guide, and a recording device. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed using NVivo and thematic analysis. The result shows that all participants were aware of the health risks connected to waste. Much concern was raised amongst the community members, especially for the children’s health. All participants had a positive attitude towards re-collecting, re-using and recycling of waste, for the community members this was if a gain of income was obtained. Also the lack of responsibility by the general public was brought up by many participants as a social norm. To conclude if pro-environmental behavior is to be reached in Mutomo there has to be; (i) available systems for the public, (ii) a collective thought of responsibility in every community member, (iii) education on the issue in three steps (knowledge, comprehension and prevention) but most importantly (iv) the living standards has to be raised for those people that are most frequently affected.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
solid waste management, health effects, in-depth interviews, pro-environmental behavior, Kenya
National Category
Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-66541OAI: diva2:607360
External cooperation
African Population and Health Research Center, African Medical and Research Foundation
Subject / course
Examensarbete i miljö och hälsoskydd
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Environmental Health
, Umeå universitet, Umeå
Available from: 2013-02-22 Created: 2013-02-22 Last updated: 2013-03-01Bibliographically approved

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