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The Intersecting Identity Politics of the Ecuadorian Evangelical Indians
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies, Institute of Latin American Studies.
2012 (English)In: Ibero-Americana, Nordic Journal of Latin American Studies, ISSN 0046-8444, Vol. 42, no 1-2, p. 135-158Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study analyses the Ecuadorian Evangelical Indigenous movement with a particular focus on the tensions between ethnicity and religion in political mobilization processes in the Chimborazo province. Chimborazo has been a traditional stronghold both of the Catholic Church and later of Evangelical churches, which makes the province exceptional and has triggered the formation of different political movements. The focus is placed on the social movement Ecuadorian Federation of Evangelical Indians (FEINE) and its political-electoral movement Amauta Jatari, as well as their complex relationships to the broader Indigenous movement. As for the theoretical-methodological approach, the article leans on ideas on Intersectionality – originally emerging from women´s studies – on relationships between socio-cultural identities and categories, which will be integrated into a sociological-political scientific analytical framework. This approach is valuable for problematizing, as well as better comprehending the complex mixture of identities that influence collective and individual behavior in society. Is there a certain hierarchic order between ethnic and religious identification among ethnically defined peoples with specific religious beliefs? Is this imaginable hierarchy persistent, or does it change according to differing social and political contexts?

Abstract [es]

En este trabajo se analiza el movimiento indígena evangélico ecuatoriano con el énfasis particular en las tensiones entre etnicidad y religión en contextos de movilización política en la provincia de Chimborazo. Chimborazo ha sido una fortaleza tradicional tanto de la Iglesia Católica como posteriormente de las Iglesias Evangélicas, lo que ha contribuido a la excepcionalidad de la provincia y asimismo ha animado la formación de diferentes movimientos políticos. El enfoque principal está en la Federación Ecuatoriana de Indígenas Evangélicos (FEINE) y su brazo electoral Amauta Jatari, así como sus complejas relaciones con el más amplio movimiento indígena. Teórica y metodológicamente, el artículo se apoya en ideas de Interseccionalidad – que originalmente emergieron en estudios de género – sobre las relaciones entre identidades y categorías socio-culturales. Estas ideas se integran dentro de un marco analítico sociológico-politológico, y consecuentemente se justifica esta integración analítica no solamente por su valor para la apertura de posibilidades de problematización del tema, sino también para poder comprender más claramente la compleja mezcla identitaria que influye en las lógicas colectivas e individuales en la sociedad. ¿Hay un cierto orden jerárquico entre la identificación étnica y religiosa entre pueblos étnicamente definidos y con creencias religiosas específicas? ¿Es esta jerarquía imaginaria constante, o puede cambiar según los diferentes contextos sociales y políticos?

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 42, no 1-2, p. 135-158
Keyword [en]
Chimborazo, Ecuador, Indigenous, Evangelical, Intersectionality, Identity politics, Amauta, CONAIE, FEINE, Pachakutik
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-87757DOI: 10.16993/ibero.37OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-87757DiVA, id: diva2:606150
Available from: 2013-02-18 Created: 2013-02-18 Last updated: 2018-03-08Bibliographically approved

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