Nedläggningen av NCB i Köpmanholmen: en studie av de hushållsekonomiska konsekvenserna
1986 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
The close-down of NCB in Köpmanholmen : a study of the consequenses for household economy (English)
This study deals with the consequences for household economy in connection with unemployment. Various mechanisms that influence the relationship between unemployment and the reception of supplementary benefits are described and analyzed. The labour market, the social insurance system and the adjustment strategies of families are fields of particular interest to this study.
The economic systems of support that have developed are dominated by the unemployment insurance. Those, whose unemployment benefits have ceased or who for some other reason are not covered by the insurance, have to resort to supplementary benefits. The differences in level between working, receiving unemployment benefits or supplementary benefits can be described in terms of a scale of income. The aspect of the scale varies strongly between different types of families.
The empirical point of reference for this dissertation is the close-down of a pulp industry (Ncb in Köpmanholmen 130 km south of Umeå in the north of Sweden). The development of those made redundant has been studied with regard to reception of supplementary benefits, income and adjustment strategies. Data about income and supplementary benefits were collected from registers at the local tax charge office and the local administration of social services. 83 out of 444 households were interviewed about adjustment strategies.
The close-down in question proved to be exceptional in many aspects. The expected "social catastrophe" never occured due to the economic upswing, raised unemployment benefits and ambitious labour market policy efforts, among other things. Only a very small minority of those made redundant have received supplementary benefits after the close-down. This has been the case although many of those made redundant have been removed from the open labour market with a subsequent lowering of their income level.
Amongst those made redundant many different patterns of adjustment havè been observed. It appears that those who lack work after a couple of years after the close-down are often characterized by passivity, whereas those who have been employed are often characterized by activity. Finally the variation in patterns of adjustment can be seen as a social policy problem. Judging from the results a combination of the institutional and marginal social policy strategies would be desirable. Reform schemes can be suggested that are based on a wish to supplement the preventive and institutional social policy with selective features where the adjustment strategies of families should provide an important resource potential.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå Universitet , 1986. , 241 p.
Studier i socialt arbete vid Umeå universitet : avhandlings- och skriftserie, ISSN 0283-300X ; 1
Plant close-cown, unemployment insurance, household economy of the unemployed, receiving supplementary benefits, adjustment strategies, strategies of social policy, labour market mobility
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-65880ISBN: 91-7174-239-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-65880DiVA: diva2:605807
1986-06-04, Humanisthuset, hörsal E, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:15