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Västerländsk kanon i litteraturundervisning: En kvalitativ undersökning på gymnasiet
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Western canon in literary studies : A study of the Western canon in Swedish literary studies in upper secondary school (English)
Abstract [sv]

Huruvida det ska finnas en västerländsk kanon i skolan eller ej är ett omdiskuterat ämne. Från att ha varit en självklarhet i svenskundervisning och sedd som någonting berikande har den kommit att bli uppfattad som elitisk och uteslutande i vissa hänseenden. I den här uppsatsen diskuteras detta vidare genom att undersöka frågor som vad som egentligen är västerländsk kanon och vilken litteratur som ingår i den, varför man ska läsa denna litteratur, samt ta reda på verksamma lärares och elevers åsikter om kanons legitimitet i skolan.

Undersökningen är baserad på kvalitativa intervjuer med två verksamma svensklärare på gymnasiet, samt fyra elever varav hälften läser studieförberedande gymnasieprogram, och den andra hälften yrkesförberedande dito. Undersökningen visade att lärarna hade både skilda åsikter men även kunskaper om kanons legitimitet i skolan; den ena var emot den, men använde sig av litteratur ur den, medan den andra förespråkade den. Elevernas kännedom om kanon var mindre, likväl stämde deras kunskaper om varför den är berättigad i skolan väl överens med rådande forskning som menar att den är allmänbildande, för vidare kulturarvet, och mer språkutvecklande än exempelvis populärlitteratur. Med detta inte sagt att man bör utesluta det ena eller det andra, utan de kan berika varandra.

Abstract [en]

Our investigation is based on qualitative interviews with two working upper secondary teachers and four second year students; two of these students attend university preparing programs and the other two attend work preparing programs. The results of the investigation show that the teachers have different opinions about the importance of the literature in the Western canon: one was against it and the other participant acknowledged it and even praised it. Despite the differences in opinion they both use it in their teaching because “it is classical literature that we all can learn something from”. It tells tales about the past - society, economy and politics.

The students who were interviewed knew considerably less about the Western canon, although they knew such a thing existed they were insecure about what kind of literature it contains. When being shown the list of Western literary canon they recognized quite a few authors and books, because they had, at some point, read them or about them in their literary studies. All of the students recognize the canons importance and understand why it exists. It educates the general public about a way of life that has had a great impact, and still has, on our society and all aspects of it. It gives us the opportunity, through reading these canonized books, to see with our own eyes, past life and understand why some things have happened and developed the way they did.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 29 p.
Keyword [en]
Western canon, fiction, debate about canon, Swedish education
Keyword [sv]
Västerländsk kanon, skönlitteratur, kanondebatt, svenskundervisning
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-20553OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-20553DiVA: diva2:605478
Subject / course
HLK, Swedish Language and Literature
Uppsok
Humanities, Theology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-03-01 Created: 2013-02-14 Last updated: 2013-03-01Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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