Cutting the cord: a study on maternal mortality and obstetric care in disaster settings
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
This study examines global incentives to reduce maternal mortality, namely the fifth Millenium Developmnet Goal to reduce maternal mortality with 75% by 2015. More specifically it examines maternal mortality and obstetric care in situations of emergency. When exposed to extreme situations the risks of negative pregnancy- and delivey outcomes are increased. Data was collected from seconday sources and from interviews with health staff with experiences from humanitarian work in the field. The findings were analyzed using a theoretical framework explaining maternal mortality be referring to both direct and indirect causes. The two theoretical models used in the study are similar and reminds of each other when explaining maternal mortality. One is based on the assumption that an obstetric complication has occurred and differnt delays in recieving care is the main cause maternal mortality, whilst the other theory is more in depth and elaborates the underlying causes. The first theory is used a base tto analyze the data after which the other theory is applied in order to introdue a deeper dimension to the analysis. The findings suggest that direct causes accounts for 80 per cent of all maternal deaths, homorrhage being the largest, including in disasters. Further causes are infections, unsafe abortions, eclampsia and obstructed labor. Also, underlying socail factors such as gender inequality indirectly has a negative impact on maternal mortality. Moreover, findings suggest that obstetric care is prioritized in disaster relief response.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 56 p.
maternal mortality, emergencies, humanitarian settings, childbirth
Other Social Sciences Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-18483OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-18483DiVA: diva2:604683
Subject / course
Environment and development
, Södertörn University College, Huddinge, Stockholm (Swedish)
UppsokLife Earth Science
Hallman, Lise-Lotte, Högskoleadjunkt
Porsch-Hällström, Inger, Professor