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Direct Reduced Iron Production from EAF Slags in Fixed Bed Furnace
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Electric arc furnace (EAF) slags are basic characteristic slags that include approximately 40 % iron oxide compounds. Iron oxide can be recycled and re-used in the process to decrease amount of waste product besides reducing loss of raw materials. According to result of survey performed by The European Association Representing Metallurgical Slag Producers and Processors (EUROSLAG) in 2010, 8.5 million tons of EAF slag is produced in Europe. High percentage of EAF slag is re-used in road construction as aggregate. However it can be re-cycled in the internal use for metallurgical processes as well. In order to re-use EAF slag in the process as a raw material, direct reduction is a new approach. Direct reduction is reduction of iron containing raw materials with gas or solid reductants without melting of charge. In this study, reduction conditions of 39 % Fe2O3 containing EAF slag in tube furnace was examined. As the reducing agent, metallurgical coke was used. EAF slag was milled and pelletized in raw material preparation step. Pellets were charged to fixed bed type tube furnace in a graphite boat at 1050, 1100 and 1150°C respectively with 150 and 200% of stoichiometrically required amount of metallurgical coke. 5, 10, 15, 30, 60, 90 and 120 minutes process durations were performed. Direct reduced pellets were milled to be characterized by using X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and chemical analysis methods. Results indicate that increased temperature, process duration and stoichiometry have a positive impact on direct reduction of EAF slag in terms of iron metallization. 90 % metallization degree has been achieved as the result of the study with the process conditions of 200 % stoichiometry and 90 minutes process duration at 1150 °C.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-117981OAI: diva2:604108
Subject / course
Materials Science and Engineering
Educational program
Master of Science - Materials Science and Engineering
Available from: 2013-02-11 Created: 2013-02-07 Last updated: 2013-02-11Bibliographically approved

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