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Regulating force in putting by using the Borg CR100 scale®
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4458-6475
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Psychology, Stockholms University, Sweden.
2013 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 4, no 82Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Studies investigating the regulation of force of motor actions are scarce, and particularlyso in the area of sports. This is surprising, considering that in most sports precise forceis of great importance. The current study demonstrates how a psychophysical scale, theBorg CR100 scale® (Borg and Borg, 2001), can be used to assess subjective force aswell as regulate force in putting. Psychophysical functions were calculated on the relationshipsbetween judgments of force using the CR100 scale and the length of puttingshots, examined in a laboratory setting, where 44 amateur golfers played on both flatand uphill surfaces. High agreement and consistency between CR 100 ratings and distancesputted was demonstrated. No significant differences in handling the scale wereobserved between younger (mean age 37 years) and older (mean age 69 years) playersor between players of different skill level. This study provides a new innovative use of anexisting instrument, the Borg CR 100 scale®, in order to understand the regulation of forceneeded for putts of various lengths and surfaces. These results and the potential futurebenefits of the psychophysical approach in golf are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 4, no 82
Keyword [en]
putting, subjective force, Borg CR100 scale
National Category
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-65115DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00082OAI: diva2:603489
The Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports
Available from: 2013-03-28 Created: 2013-02-06 Last updated: 2015-10-08Bibliographically approved

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Molander, BoOlsson, Carl-JohanStenling, Andreas
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