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Computational study of multiple impinging jets  on heat transfer
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This numerical study presents investigation of impinging jets cooling effect on a hot flat plate. Different configuration of single jet, 5-cross and 9-square setups have been studied computationally in order to understand about their behaviour and differences behind their physics. Moreover, a specific confined wall was designed to increase two crucial parameters of the cooling effect of impinging jets; average heat transfer coefficient of impingement wall and average air temperature difference of outlet the domain and jet inlet.

The 2-D simulation has been performed to design the confined wall to optimise the domain geometry  to achieve project goals contains highest average heat transfer coefficient of hot plate in parallel to highest average air temperature difference of outlet. Different effective parameters were chosen after 2-D simulation study and literature review; Jet to wall distance H/D = 5, Radial distance from centre of plate R/D = 20, jet diameter D = 10 mm.

The 3-D computational study was performed on single jet, 5-cross and 9-square configurations to investigate the differences of results and find best setup for the specific boundary condition in this project.

Single jet geometry reveals high temperature level in the outlet, but very low average heat transfer coefficient due to performance of a single jet in a domain (Re= 17,232).

In the other side, 5-cross setup has been studied for Reynolds number of 9,828, 11,466, 17,232 and 20,000 and it was found that range of 11,466 to 17,232 performs very well to achieve the purposes in this study. Moreover, turbulence models of ,  and  have been used to verify the models (Re=17,232) with available experimental data for fully developed profile of the jets inlets and wall jet velocity and Reynolds stress components near the wall boundary condition. All three turbulence models predict well   the velocity components for jets fully developed profile and for wall boundary condition of the target plate. But since  model has been validated with the Reynolds stress components by experimental data, therefore is more reliable to continue the study with verified simulation.

Finally 9-square configuration was investigated (Re=17,232) and the result compared with other setups. It was concluded that 5-cross multiple jets is best design for this project while 9-square multiple impinging jets also fulfils the project purpose, but for extended application in industry each setup is suitable for specific conditions. 5-cross multiple jets is good choice for large cooling area which can be used in number of packages to cover the area, while 9-square jets setup performs well where very high local heat transfer is needed in a limited area.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 64 p.
Keyword [en]
Heat transfer, computational study, multiple impinging jets, heat transfer coefficient
National Category
Energy Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-13791Archive number: TEX 120815OAI: diva2:603148
2013-01-24, 11519, Kungsbäcksvägen 47,University of Gävle, 801 76, Gävle, 14:00 (English)
Available from: 2013-02-20 Created: 2013-02-05 Last updated: 2017-01-03Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA