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Type III secretion system expression in oxygen-limited Pseudomonas aeruginosa cultures is stimulated by isocitrate lyase activity
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
2013 (English)In: Open Biology, ISSN 2046-2441, E-ISSN 2046-2441, Vol. 3, 120131Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic human pathogen and a common cause of chronic infections in individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF). Oxygen limitation was recently reported to regulate the expression of a major virulence determinant in P. aeruginosa, the type III secretion system (T3SS). Here, we show that expression of the T3SS in oxygen-limited growth conditions is strongly dependent on the glyoxylate shunt enzyme, isocitrate lyase (ICL; encoded by aceA), which was previously shown to be highly expressed in CF isolates. ICL-dependent regulation of the T3SS did not alter the expression level of the master transcriptional regulator, ExsA, but did affect expression of the T3 structural proteins, effectors and regulators (ExsC, ExsD and ExsE). An aceA mutant displayed enhanced biofilm formation during anaerobic growth, which suggested that AceA-dependent modulation of type III secretion might impinge upon the RetS/LadS signalling pathways. Indeed, our data suggest that RetS is able to mediate some of its effects through AceA, as expression of aceA in trans partially restored T3SS expression in a retS mutant. Our findings indicate that AceA is a key player in the metabolic regulation of T3SS expression during oxygen-limited growth of P. aeruginosa. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first demonstration that the T3SS can be regulated by factors that do not affect ExsA expression levels.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Royal Society of Chemistry, 2013. Vol. 3, 120131
Keyword [en]
type III secretion, glyoxylate shunt, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, anaerobic, isocitrate lyase
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-64741DOI: 10.1098/rsob.120131ISI: 000315580600001PubMedID: 23363478OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-64741DiVA: diva2:602544
Available from: 2013-02-01 Created: 2013-02-01 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved

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